Top 25 Rococo artists who changed its history

Renowned for its elaborate and jovial décor, which includes pastel colours, curved lines, and images of aristocratic pastimes. Louis XV’s reign saw the emergence of Rococo art in France, which was greatly influenced by the Baroque period that came before it.

François Boucher, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and Jean-Antoine Watteau are a few of the most well-known Rococo painters. These painters were masters of the genre, producing intricate paintings and sculptures that captured the age’s sensual and jovial atmosphere.

Rococo art was frequently used to adorn palaces and other opulent structures. It swiftly gained popularity across Europe thanks to its jovial and opulent aesthetic, which was especially well suited to the grandeur of the Louis XV court. The style also had an impact on other types of art, including music, fashion, and furniture design.

1. Jean-Honoré Fragonard

Rococo artists

Born: 5 April 1732, Grasse, France

Died: 22 August 1806, Paris, France

Period: Rococo

Children: Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard

Parents: François Fragonard, Françoise Petit

Spouse: Marie-Anne Fragonard (m. 1769–1806)

  • Jean-Honore Fragonard was a French artist and printmaker from France.
  • One of his most well-known artworks is his genre paintings that convey an intimate atmosphere and subliminal romanticism.
  • Fragonard was a stipendiary to a Paris notary after his father’s situation became complicated by unsuccessful speculations. However, he showed such talent and a passion for art that he was adopted at 18 by Francois Boucher.
  • Fragonard was a student for six months in the magnificence of the luminist.
  • In 1760 they toured Italy together, drawing many sketches of the local landscape.


2. Jean-Antoine Watteau

Rococo artists

Born: 10 October 1684, Valenciennes, France

Died: 18 July 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne, France

Education: Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

  • Jean-Antoine Watteau was a French artist and draughtsman.
  • He revived the waning Baroque style and shifted it towards the less formal naturalistic, more naturalistic, and less formal classical Rococo.
  • Some of his most famous subjects came from the dark world of Italian comedy and ballet.
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in October 1684.
  • His work caught the eye of artist Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he had been appointed as an assistant to Gillot.


3. François Boucher

Rococo artists

Born: 29 September 1703, Paris, France

Died: 30 May 1770, Paris, France

Children: Juste-Nathan François Boucher, Jeanne-Élisabeth Victoire Deshays, Marie-Emilie Boucher

Spouse: Marie-Jeanne Boucher (m. 1733–1770)

Education: Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

  • Francois Boucher was a French painter, draughtsman, etcher and painter.
  • He was the most renowned artist and painter of the 18th century.
  • Born in Paris, Boucher was the child of the lesser-known artist Nicolas Boucher, who gave him his first formal training in painting.
  • When he was 17, an artwork by Boucher was loved by artist Francois Lemoyne.
  • Lemoyne was later appointed Boucher as his apprentice, but after three months of training, the artist was sent to work for engraver Jean-Francois Cars.


4. Aleijadinho

Rococo artists

Born: 29 August 1738, Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Died: 18 November 1814, Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

  • Aleijadinho was an architect and sculptor of Colonial Brazil recognized for his work in churches and on various other buildings in Brazil.
  • His works are thought to be some of the finest instances in Portuguese architectural styles from colonial times in Brazil.
  • Then he became more isolated, working mainly in the evening.
  • When he went out in public, he would be transported by an armoured palanquin that was covered by his assistants and enslaved people.
  • He passed away on November 18 18, 1814.


5. Francisco Goya

Rococo artists

Born: 30 March 1746, Fuendetodos, Spain

Died: 16 April 1828, Bordeaux, France

Periods: Romanticism, Rococo

Children: Francisco Javier Goya Bayeu, MORE

Siblings: Tomás Goya, Rita Goya, Camilo Goya, Mariano Goya, Jacinta Goya

  • Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was a romantic Spanish painter and printmaker.
  • He is considered the most significant Spanish artist from the 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • His drawings, paintings, and engravings were a reflection of modern-day historical events and also had a profound influence on important 19th and 20th-century artists.
  • Goya is usually called the final among his generation of Old Masters and the first of the moderns.
  • Goya was born into an upper-middle class family in 1746 located in Fuendetodos within Aragon.


6. Elisabeth-Louise Vigee Le Brun

Rococo artists

Born: 16 April 1755, Paris, France

Died: 30 March 1842, Paris, France

Periods: Rococo, Neoclassicism

Children: Julie Le Brun

  • Elisabeth Louise Vigee Le Brun was a French portrait painter, primarily of women, during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • Her art style is usually seen as a part of the aftermath of Rococo and includes elements of an accepted Neoclassical style.
  • Her subjects and colours could be described as Rococo; however, her style is in sync with the development of Neoclassicism.
  • She was a favourite of European actors, aristocrats and writers. She was appointed to academies of art in ten cities.


7. Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Rococo artists

Born: 5 March 1696, Venice, Italy

Died: 27 March 1770, Madrid, Spain

Periods: Rococo, Baroque

Children: Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo, Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo, Giuseppe Tiepolo

  • Giovanni Battista Tiepolo was an Italian artist as well as a printmaker in Italy’s Republic of Venice who painted in the Rococo style.
  • He was prolific and not just in Italy as well as in Germany as well as Spain.
  • Since the beginning of the course of his profession, he’s been called, in the words of Michael Levey, “the greatest decorative painter of the 18th century of Europe and the most skilled craftsman.
  • The father of his son was a tiny shipping business.


8. Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin

Rococo artists

Born: 2 November 1699, Rue de Seine, Paris, France

Died: 6 December 1779, Louvre Museum, Paris, France

Children: Pierre Jean-Baptiste Chardin

  • Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin was an 18th-century French painter from the 18th century.
  • He is considered a master of still-life and is renowned for his genre painting depicting children, kitchen staff and household activities.
  • Chardin was born in Paris, The child of a cabinetmaker, and he rarely left Paris.
  • He was a resident of the Left Bank near Saint-Sulpice until 1757.
  • Chardin signed an agreement to marry Marguerite Saintard in 1723, who he didn’t marry until 1731.


9. Thomas Gainsborough

Rococo artists

Born: 14 May 1727, Sudbury, United Kingdom

Died: 2 August 1788, London, United Kingdom

  • Thomas Gainsborough was an English portrait painter, landscape artist, draughtsman, and printmaker.
  • He is thought to be one of the most significant British artists in the second part of the 18th century.
  • He painted swiftly, and his light palette and smooth strokes characterize the paintings of his maturation.
  • Gainsborough was a founder fellow of the Royal Academy.


10. Jean-Marc Nattier

Rococo artists

Born: 17 March 1685, Paris, France

Died: 7 November 1766, Paris, France

  • Jean-Marc Nattier was a French painter from France.
  • He was enrolled at the Royal Academy in 1703 and began copying images at the Luxembourg Palace.
  • Nattier aspired to become a historian and painter.
  • He would later become the artist for the fake ladies from LouisXV’s court.
  • He then revived the style depicting the allegory where a living being is depicted as a Greco-Roman goddess or some other mythological character.


11. Rosalba Carriera

Rococo artists

Born: 12 January 1673, Venice, Italy

Died: 15 April 1757, Venice, Italy

  • Rosalba Carriera was Venetian Rococo painter.
  • In her early days, she focused on portrait miniatures.
  • Many often cite her name as among the top successful female artists of all time.
  • Carriera began creating miniatures for lids of snuff boxes and separate works.
  • She was among the first artists to use ivory instead of vellum as the basis for miniatures.


12. François Lemoyne

Rococo artists

Born: 1688, Paris, France

Died: 4 June 1737, Paris, France

Period: Rococo

Education: Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

  • Francois Lemoyne was a French painter from the rococo period.
  • He was the finalist in the Prix de Rome.
  • He collaborated or worked alongside other artists from the time.
  • Lemoyne was born in Paris in 1688. He was educated with Louis Galloche until 1713.
  • His career reached its peak in 1736.


13. Étienne Maurice Falconet

Rococo artists

Born: 1 December 1716, Paris, France

Died: 24 January 1791, Paris, France

Periods: Rococo, Baroque, Neoclassicism

Nationality: French

  • Etienne Maurice Falconet is one of the French Baroque, Rococo, and neoclassical sculpturer.
  • Falconet was born into a family of poor in Paris.
  • He was initially apprenticed to a carpenter. He also made clay figures made by him, which he would spend his spare time on.
  • He continued to work on his post at Sevres until the time he was invited by Catherine the Great to Russia from Catherine the Great in 1766, September.


14. Francesco Giuseppe Casanova

Rococo artists

Born: 1 June 1727, London, United Kingdom

Died: 1802

Period: Rococo

Siblings: Giacomo Casanova, Giovanni Battista Casanova

Nephew: Cesarino Lanti

  • Francesco Giuseppe Casanova was an Italian painter who specialized in battle scene painting.
  • His elder cousin is Giacomo Casanova, the famous adventurer. His older sister is Giovanni Casanova, also a famous painter.
  • The place where he was raised in London.
  • There was speculation that his dad was Prince of Wales. Prince of Wales.
  • It was challenging to succeed in a hurry, and his first show was a complete failure.


15. Giuseppe Sanmartino

Rococo artists

Born: 1720, Naples, Italy

Died: 12 December 1793, Naples, Italy

  • Giuseppe Sanmartino was an Italian artist during the Rococo period.


16. Mestre Ataide

Rococo artists

Born: 18 October 1762, Mariana, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Died: 2 February 1830, Mariana, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

  • Manoel da Costa Ataide was a Brazilian painter, sculptor, instructor, and gilder.
  • In 1818, Ataide tried unsuccessfully to gain official approval to establish the first art academy in Mariana, the town where he was born.
  • His style is characterized by the use of vibrant colours, mainly blue.
  • The family of Ataide was founded, however, with comparatively low resources.


17. Antonio Corradini

Rococo artists

Born: 19 October 1688, Venice, Italy

Died: 12 August 1752, Naples, Italy

Books: “One of the Most Beautiful Things”: A Rediscovered Masterpiece by Antonio Corradini ; Catalogue of an Exhibition

  • Antonio Corradini was an Italian Rococo sculpturer from Venice.
  • The artist is most famous for his fraudulent representations of the human body.
  • In 1740, he first moved to Rome and then to Naples 1740, where he passed away.
  • Corradini’s commissions over the next few years were from patrons across Europe.


18. Adelaide Labille-Guiard

Rococo artists

Born: 11 April 1749, Paris, France

Died: 24 April 1803, Paris, France

Periods: Rococo, Neoclassicism

Education: Royal Academy of Arts

  • Adelaide Labelle-Guiard was a French miniature artist and portrait painter.
  • She defended women being given the same opportunities men do to develop into great artists.
  • Labelle-Guiard is among the first women to be an official member of the Royal Academy.
  • Labelle-Guiard was a master of pastels, miniatures and oil painting.


19. Clodion

Rococo artists

Born: 20 December 1738, Nancy, France

Died: 29 March 1814, Paris, France

Artworks: Bust of a Satyr, Dance of Time

  • Claude Michel was a French artist who worked in his Rococo style.
  • The artist was born in Nancy to Anne Adam and Thomas Michel, the sculptor with no qualms.
  • In Nancy and possibly in Lille in the early years of his life in Lille.
  • In 1755, he travelled to Paris and began working on the work of Lambert-Sigisbert, his great-uncle Adams known as an artist.
  • He was a part-time employee for four years at the workshop, and after his death, he was a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle.


20. José Campeche

Rococo artists

Born: 23 December 1751, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Died: 7 November 1809, San Juan, Puerto Rico

  • Jose Campeche is the first well-known Puerto Rican visual artist and is regarded by art critics as one of the top Rococo artists of the Americas.
  • The father of his son was an enslaved person freed from slavery.


21. Francesco Queirolo

Rococo artists

Born: 1704, Genoa, Italy

Died: 1762, Naples, Italy

  • Francesco Queirolo was an Italian Genoese-born artist who worked throughout Rome in Rome and Naples throughout his time in the Rococo period.
  • He studied along with Giuseppe Rusconi in Rome.
  • After 1752, he took part as a decorator of the famous Neapolitan Cappella Sansevero.


22. Alessandro Magnasco

Rococo artists

Born: 4 February 1667, Genoa, Italy

Died: 12 March 1749, Genoa, Italy

Parents: Stefano Magnasco

  • Alessandro Magnasco was an Italian late-Baroque painter active in Milan and Genoa.
  • The most well-known of his works are stylized, striking, and often phantasmagoric genres or landscapes.
  • Magnasco’s distinctive style is defined by fragmented shapes rendered with rapid brushstrokes and lightning flashes.
  • The influences that have shaped his work are a mystery.


23. Nicolas de Largillière

Rococo artists

Born: 10 October 1656, Paris, France

Died: 20 March 1746, Paris, France

Partner: Marguerite Elisabeth Forest

  • Nicolas de Largilliere was a French portrait painter who was born in Paris.
  • Largilliere was appointed chief of staff at the French Academy in 1743.


24. Jean-Baptiste Oudry

Rococo artists

Born: 17 March 1686, Paris, France

Died: 30 April 1755, Beauvais, France

Periods: Rococo, Baroque

Partner: Marie-Marguerite Oudry

  • Jean-Baptiste Oudry was a French Rococo painter, engraver and tapestry designer.
  • He is renowned for his realistic images of animals and hunting art pieces depicting games.
  • He was often provided with samples of rare birds for him to draw.
  • He declined invitations to work for Czar Peter the Great and the King of Denmark, stayed in France, and maintained large numbers of assistants.


25. Marguerite Gérard

Rococo artists

Born: 28 January 1761, Grasse, France

Died: 18 May 1837, Paris, France

  • Marguerite Gerard was a successful French artist and printmaker working in the Rococo style.
  • Most historians believe that Gerard is the only creator of five of her etchings, as several have duplicates created by her mentor Fragonard.
  • Her involvement in Fragonard’s circle gave Gerard the liberty to be unmarried and not become an expense for herself and her family.
  • She began her training alongside Fragonard when she was 16 years old.

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