Top 25 Neoclassicism artists who changed its history

The mid-18th century saw the beginning of the Neoclassicism art trend, which lasted until the early 19th century. Antonio Canova, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Jacques-Louis David are a few of the best-known Neoclassicism artists.

Ancient Greek and Roman art and culture served as a source of inspiration for neoclassical artists. They rejected the extravagance and frivolity of the Rococo era before it in favour of restoring classical shapes and methods.

Works of neoclassicism are distinguished by their emphasis on order, simplicity, and clarity. These artists frequently worked with classical themes and subjects, and their artwork was characterised by a feeling of heroic grandeur and idealised perfection.

1. Jacques-Louis David

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 30 August 1748, Paris, France

Died: 29 December 1825, Brussels, Belgium

Influenced by: Nicolas Poussin, François Boucher, Valentin de Boulogne

Spouse: Marguerite Charlotte Pécoul (m. 1796–1825), Marguerite Charlotte Pécoul (m. 1782–1793)

Children: Charles-Louis Jules David, Laure Émilie Félicité David, Pauline Jeanne David, Eugène David

  • Jacques-Louis David was a French painter who worked in the Neoclassical style, thought to be the greatest painter of his time.
  • David was later a keen participant in his country’s French Revolution and a friend of Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) and was an artist dictator under the French Republic.
  • David had many students, making him the most significant influence on French painting of the first half of the 19th century, particularly the academic Salon painting.
  • Jacques-Louis David was born into a wealthy French household in Paris on August 30, 1748.
  • He lined his notebooks with drawings. He once told me, “I was always hiding behind the instructor’s chair, drawing for the class duration.”


2. Antonio Canova

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 1 November 1757, Possagno, Italy

Died: 13 October 1822, Venice, Italy

Period: Neoclassicism

Place of burial: Tempio Canoviano, Possagno, Italy, Basilica S.Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice, Italy

  • Antonio Canova was an Italian Neoclassical sculpturer well-known for his stone sculptures.
  • His father died in 1761. passed away.
  • He guided Antonio to the art of sculpture.
  • Before 10, Canova began making models using clay and then carving marble.
  • Following his work, it appears he had been employed for a long time under his grandfather.
  • Canova was born in Rome on December 28, 1780.


3. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 29 August 1780, Montauban, France

Died: 14 January 1867, Paris, France

  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was a French Neoclassical painter.
  • Ingres was deeply inspired by art traditions and aspired to become the undisputed protector of the academic orthodoxy amidst the rising Romantic style.
  • His bold and expressive spatial and form-based distortions created him a critical contemporary art pioneer and influenced Picasso, Matisse, and other modernists.
  • A modest family was raised in Montauban, and then he traveled across the country to Paris to study at David’s Studio. David.
  • He was the son of a highly successful artist who was a jack of all trades.


4. Edmonia Lewis

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 4 July 1844, Rensselaer County, New York, United States

Died: 17 September 1907, Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom

Siblings: Samuel Lewis

  • Mary Edmonia Lewis was an American artist, sculptor, and designer of mixed American-African and Native American heritage.
  • Born in Upstate New York, she was employed for the bulk of her life working in Rome, Italy.
  • The first black and Native American sculptor to achieve the national spotlight and later international recognition.
  • She gained acclaim throughout her home country of the United States during the Civil War.
  • Her work is renowned for incorporating themes that relate to Black people and indigenous peoples from the Americas into Neoclassical-style sculpture.


5. Jean-Baptiste Debret

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 18 April 1768, Paris, France

Died: 28 June 1848, Paris, France

Education: Académie des Beaux-Arts

Nationality: French

  • Jean-Baptiste Debret was a French artist who created numerous valuable lithographs of Brazil’s people. Brazil.
  • Debret was a French Academy of Fine Arts student at his school as a pupil of the famous Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), to whom he was a cousin.
  • He traveled with David to Rome in the 1780s.
  • He kept in touch with his twin brother, who lived in Paris.


6. William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 30 November 1825, La Rochelle, France

Died: 19 August 1905, La Rochelle, France

Periods: Academic art, Realism, Neoclassicism

Spouse: Elizabeth Jane Gardner (m. 1896–1905), Marie-Nelly Monchablon (m. 1866–1877)

  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau was a French artist who was an academic.
  • For his genre painting, the artist used mythological themes giving modern interpretations to traditional subjects, focusing on female bodies.
  • In his lifetime, he gained a significant amount of attention across France. The United States was given many honors from the government and received the highest prices in recognition of his accomplishments.
  • He completed 822 paintings; however, the locations of many of them are unknown.
  • To complement his formal instruction on drawing and drawing, he went to anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology.


7. Angelica Kauffman

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 30 October 1741, Chur, Switzerland

Died: 5 November 1807, Rome, Italy

Period: Neoclassicism

Place of burial: Basilica di Sant’Andrea delle Fratte, Rome, Italy

Spouse: Antonio Zucchi (m. 1781–1795)

  • Angelika Kauffmann was a Swiss Neoclassical artist who enjoyed an enviable career with her work in London in the city of London and Rome.
  • Primarily remembered as a historical painter Kauffmann had a talent as an artist, portraitist, and landscape painter.
  • Mary Moser was also one of two female painters among the original artists of the Royal Academy in London in 1768.
  • Kauffman was born at Chur in Graubunden, Switzerland.
  • Her mother died in 1754. had died, and her father decided to relocate to Milan.


8. Antoine-Jean Gros

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 16 March 1771, Paris, France

Died: 25 June 1835, Meudon, France

Partner: Augustine Dufresne

Parents: Jean-Antoine Gros

  • Antoine-Jean Gros was a French painter of historical subjects.
  • The title was conferred on him as the baron Grosin 1824.
  • Gros learned from Jacques-Louis David in Paris and started his own artist’s career during his time during the French Revolution.
  • After serving in the army of Napoleon for several years after which, he returned to Paris in 1799.
  • In addition to creating several large-scale paintings of battles and other occasions in Napoleon’s life, Gros was a successful portrait artist.


9. Elisabeth-Louise Vigee Le Brun

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 16 April 1755, Paris, France

Died: 30 March 1842, Paris, France

Periods: Rococo, Neoclassicism

  • Elisabeth Louise Vigee Le Brun was a French portrait painter, particularly of women, during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • Her art style is usually seen as a part of the aftermath of Rococo and includes elements of a popular Neoclassical style.
  • Her subjects and colors could be described as Rococo However. Her style is in sync with the rise of Neoclassicism.
  • At five years of age, she was admitted to an order of nuns, where she remained until 1766.


10. Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 4 October 1720, Venice, Italy

Died: 9 November 1778, Rome, Italy

Children: Francesco Piranesi, Laura Piranesi, Pietro Piranesi

  • His father was the father to Francesco Piranesi, Laura Piranesi, and Pietro Piranesi.
  • Giovanni Battistawas an Italian Classical archaeologist, architect, artist, and architect.
  • The father of his son was a stonemason.
  • The brother Andrea was the first to introduce him to Latin literature and the Greco-Roman culture.
  • Between 1743 and 1747, he primarily resided from 1743 to 1747, and he was primarily in Venice. According to various sources, he regularly was with Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, a prominent artist from Venice.


11. John William Godward

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 9 August 1861, Wimbledon, London, United Kingdom

Died: 13 December 1922, London, United Kingdom

On view: J. Paul Getty Museum

Parents: Sarah Eborall Godward, William Godward

  • John William Godward was an English painter who lived until the end of the Neo-Classicist period.
  • He was a disciple of Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, but his painting style was discarded due to the advent of modern art.
  • Godward was born in 1861 and lived within Wilton Grove. Wimbledon.
  • He showed his work at his Royal Academy in 1887.
  • He took his own life aged 61. He is believed to have written in his suicide letter, “the world is not big enough for [both] me and a Picasso.”
  • Godward had been a Victorian Neo-Classicist and, thus, theoretically speaking, the sense of following Frederic Leighton.


12. Francesco Hayez

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 10 February 1791, Venice, Italy

Died: 12 February 1882, Milan, Italy

Spouse: Vincenza Scaccia (m. 1817–1869)

Parents: Clare Torcello, Giovanni

  • Francesco Hayez was an Italian painter from Italy.
  • He is considered one of the top artists of Romanticism during the late 19th century in Milan. He is famous for his monumental historical paintings, political allegories, and portraits.
  • Francesco Hayez was from an impoverished family in Venice.
  • He was raised by his mother’s daughter, who married Giovanni Binasco, a well-off shipowner and art collector.
  • In 1809, he was the winner of an award from his hometown, the Academy of Venice, for a one-year stay at the Accademia of San Luca in Rome.


13. John Flaxman

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 6 July 1755, York, United Kingdom

Died: 7 December 1826, London, United Kingdom

Periods: Neoclassicism, Classicism

Place of burial: St Giles in the Fields, London, United Kingdom

Parents: John Flaxman Sr.

  • John Flaxman was a British artist, sculptor, and significant artist within British or European Neoclassicism.
  • The man was an incredibly prolific creator of funerary memorials.
  • His birthplace was York.
  • The patrons of his father’s business assisted him with books, help, and, later, commissions.
  • At 12, He was awarded the first prize from the Society of Arts for a medallion. The medallion was then displayed in the galleries of the Free Society of Artists.


14. Andrea Appiani

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 31 May 1754, Milan, Italy

Died: 8 November 1817, Milan, Italy

Education: Brera Academy

Period: Neoclassicism

  • Andrea Appiani was an Italian Neoclassical painter.
  • In 1776, he was admitted to his first class at the Brera Academie of Fine Arts, where he studied the painting lessons of Giulio Traballesi. He mastered an understanding of the technique of fresco.
  • Appiani painted a large painting of the encounter between Rachel and Jacobfor an Alzano church. Alzano.
  • He passed away in Milan in 1817.


15. Jean-Baptiste Pigalle

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 26 January 1714, Rueil-Malmaison, France

Died: 20 August 1785, Paris, France

Education: Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

  • Jean-Baptiste Pigalle was a French artist.
  • Pigalle is a native of Paris as the seventh child of a carpenter.
  • Pigalle was a teacher to the artist Louis-Philippe Mouchy, who married his niece and closely imitated the style of Pigalle.
  • Sens is also believed to teach the artist Madeleine Elizabeth Pigalle, who is believed as a distant relative of Sens.
  • His name is commonly recognized today due to his involvement in the Pigalle red-light district of Paris, which is located in the square with the same name.


16. Luigi Vanvitelli

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 12 May 1700, Naples, Italy

Died: 1 March 1773, Caserta, Italy

Parents: Gaspar Van Wittel, Anna Lorenzani

Children: Carlo Vanvitelli

  • Luigi Vanvitelli was an Italian engineer and architect from Italy.
  • Italy’s most famous 18th-century architect exhibited an academic and sober classical Late Baroque style that quickly transitioned into Neoclassicism.
  • He was educated in Rome by designer Nicola Salvi, who collaborated on constructing the Trevi Fountain.


17. James Pradier

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 23 May 1790, Geneva, Switzerland

Died: 4 June 1852, Paris, France

Children: John Pradier

Grandchild: Carlo Pradier

  • James Pradier was born in Geneva. He was a French artist best known for his sculptures within his neoclassical style.
  • Pradier was born in Geneva (then the Republic of Geneva). Pradier’s parents were a Christian couple from Toulouse.
  • He was awarded the Prix de Rome, which enabled him to attend the University of Rome from 1814 until 1818 in the Villa Medici.


18. Pierre-Paul Prud’hon

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 4 April 1758, Cluny, France

Died: 16 February 1823, Paris, France

  • Pierre-Paul Prud’hon was a French Romantic painter and draughtsman famous for his figurative works and portraits like Madame Georges Anthony and Her Two Sons (1796).
  • He painted portraits of each of Napoleon’s wives.
  • He was educated in the arts within the French provinces before moving to Italy at 26 years old to further his studies.
  • The painting of Josephine depicts her not as an Empress but as an attractive, beautiful woman. This may have led to some thinking that he may have been in love with her.


19. Adélaïde Labille-Guiard

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 11 April 1749, Paris, France

Died: 24 April 1803, Paris, France

Periods: Neoclassicism, Rococo

Education: Royal Academy of Arts

Known for: Miniatures, painting, pastels

  • Adelaide Labelle-Guiard was a French miniaturist and portrait artist from France.
  • She was a vocal woman’s advocate to ensure women had the same opportunities as men to develop into great artists.
  • Labelle-Guiard is a master of pastels, miniatures, and oil painting.
  • They admissions document of her is now gone, and no evidence exists to prove it.
  • Labelle-Guiard opted to display a selection of pieces of work in the Salon of Correspondance in 1779.


20. Marie-Guillemine Benoist

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 18 December 1768, Paris, France

Died: 8 October 1826, Paris, France

  • Marie-Guillemin Benjaminoist was a French Neoclassical, historical, and genre artist.
  • Benoist is a native of Paris as the daughter of an official in the civil service.
  • Her education as an artist began in 1781.
  • Her work, which reflects Jacques-Louis David’s influence, tended increasingly towards the style of history painting after 1795.


21. Maurice Denis

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 25 November 1870, Granville, France

Died: 13 November 1943, Paris, France

Children: Dominique Denis, Noëlle Maurice-Denis Boulet,

  • Maurice Denis was a French painter, decorative artist, and writer.
  • His theories helped form the cubism foundations, fauvism, and abstract art.
  • Maurice Denis was born November 25, 1870, at Granville, Manche, a coastal town in France’s Normandy region.
  • Their father of his was from a humble peasant family; after spending four years of service in the military, He was sent to work at the railway station.
  • Maurice was a child who was the only one. From a young age, his interests were the arts and religion. He started keeping a journal in 1884, at the age of 13.


22. Gino Severini

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 7 April 1883, Cortona, Italy

Died: 26 February 1966, Paris, France

Periods: Futurism, Cubism, Divisionism, Neoclassicism, Return to order

Spouse: Jeanne Severini (m. 1913–1966)

Children: Romana Severini, Gina Severini

  • Gino Stefani was an Italian painter who was a key part of the Futurist movement.
  • The artist was identified with neoclassicism along with an era of “return in order” during the decade following the war. First World War.
  • In his professional life, he worked with various media, including mosaics and fresco.
  • Severini was born in a family of poor from Cortona, Italy.
  • His father was an official in the junior court, and his mother was a dressmaker.


23. Amedeo Preziosi

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 4 May 1996, Cologno Monzese, Italy

Died: 27 September 1882, İstanbul, Turkey

  • Amedeo Preziosi was a Maltese artist and traveler famous for his prints and watercolors from his travels through the Balkans, Ottoman Empire, and Romania.
  • Amedeo Preziosi was born in 1816 to a prestigious family from Malta.
  • Amedeo was drawn to the arts at an early age and was trained to paint by Giuseppe Hyzler, a trendy artist from Malta.
  • When postal cards were in their early stages, so was photography. Preziosi presented pictures of the city and surrounding area to European tourists and those who visited Istanbul.


24. Etienne Maurice Falconet

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 1 December 1716, Paris, France

Died: 24 January 1791, Paris, France

  • Etienne Maurice Falconetwas a French baroque, rococo, and neoclassical artist.
  • Falconet was born into a family of poor in Paris.
  • He was stationed on Sevres post until he was invited by Catherine the Great to Russia through Catherine the Great in 1766, September.


25. Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg

Neoclassicism artists

Born: 2 January 1783, Blåkrog

Died: 22 July 1853, Copenhagen, Denmark

Education: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts

Spouse: Susanne Henriette Emilie Juel (m.

  • Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg was a Danish painter.
  • He was raised in Blakrog, located in Blakrog in the Southern Jutland region of Denmark.
  • In 1786, the family relocated to Blanc, an area close to the Alesund, where he spent his time sketching pictures of the surrounding landscape and enjoying sailing tours on the boat his father owned.
  • He continued his studies at seventeen under Josiah Jacob Jessen in Flensborg and was made an apprentice in May of 1800.

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