Top 25 Neo-Impressionism artists who changed its history

The art movement known as Neo-Impressionism first appeared in France in the late 19th century. Georges Seurat and Paul Signac were the leaders of the movement, which aimed to stray from Impressionism’s established methods and investigate the potential of colour theory.

Pointillism is a style adopted by Neo-Impressionist painters to apply tiny dots of pure colour to the canvas in order to produce a coherent and harmonious image. Through the use of this approach, the painters were able to investigate the optical effects of colour and light in a way that was previously impractical.

Seurat’s “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte,” which shows a group of individuals taking a leisurely afternoon in the park, is one of the most well-known examples of Neo-Impressionism. The painting is made up of several tiny coloured dots that come together to form a vivid and colourful picture.

1. Georges Seurat

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 2 December 1859, Paris, France

Died: 29 March 1891, Paris, France

Periods: Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism, Modern art, Divisionism

  • Georges Pierre Seurat was a French post-Impressionist artist.
  • He invented the painting technique that is referred to as chromoluminarism.
  • Seurat’s artistic style incorporated characteristics that are normally considered to be different and not compatible.
  • Georges Seurat first studied art at the Ecole Municipale de Sculpture et Dessin near his home and family’s residence on the boulevard Magenta, managed by the artist Justin Lequien.
  • Beaux-Arts School, where he was taught at the hands of Henri Lehmann, followed the traditional academic curriculum, drawing from the casts of old sculptures and copying drawings from the masters of the past.

 


2. Paul Signac

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 11 November 1863, Paris, France

Died: 15 August 1935, Paris, France

Children: Ginette Signac

Awards: Legion of Honour

  • Paul Victor Jules Signac was a French Neo-Impressionist artist who, in collaboration with Georges Seurat, helped develop the Pointillist style.
  • Paul Signac was born in Paris on the 11th of November, 1863.
  • He completed a course of education in architecture before turning 18 years old, deciding to pursue painting as a profession after viewing his work.
  • He was a sailboat captain on his ship in the Mediterranean Sea, visiting the coastlines of Europe and painting the scenery the sea brought him.
  • Later on, the artist created an entire series of drawings depicting French harbor cities.

 


3. Vincent van Gogh

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 30 March 1853, Zundert, Netherlands

Died: 29 July 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, France

Siblings: Theo van Gogh

  • Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who later was one of the more well-known and influential artists in the art history of Western art.
  • In a decade, he produced around 2100 works, including about 860 oil-based paintings, the majority of which date back to the latter two decades of his career.
  • He was not commercially successful and, suffering from extreme depression and poverty, took his own life at age 37.
  • Van Gogh was born into a family of upper-middle-class parents.
  • When he was a kid, he was serious, calm, and contemplative. His drawing began at a young age, and later as an adult, he worked as an art dealer. He was often traveling but was depressed after being transferred to London.

 


4. Henri-Edmond Cross

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 20 May 1856, Douai, France

Died: 16 May 1910, Var, France

Spouse: Madame Hector France (m. 1893–1910)

  • Henri-Edmond Cross was a French artist and printmaker from France.
  • He is most well-known for his mastery of Neo-Impressionism and was a crucial player in developing the second stage of this movement.
  • He had a significant influential influence on Henri Matisse and many other artists.
  • His work played a vital role in the creation of Fauvism.
  • There were no siblings left to care for him.
  • His parents, who had an ironmongery family tradition, were Alcide Delacroix, the French adventurer, and British Fanny Woollett.

 


5. Maximilien Luce

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 13 March 1858, Paris, France

Died: 6 February 1941, Paris, France

Children: Frederic Luce

  • Maximilien Lucie is a prolific French Neo-impressionist artist well-known for his work.
  • His family relocated with him to the south Paris area of Montrouge.
  • Luce was a four-year veteran of the military beginning in 1879. He served at Brittany during the time of Guingamp.
  • The widespread use of the latest zincography printing technique has rendered the xylography process almost unusable.

 


6. Theo van Rysselberghe

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 23 November 1862, Ghent, Belgium

Died: 13 December 1926, Var, France

Spouse: Maria van Rysselberghe (m. 1889)

Education: Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Brussels

Grandchild: Catherine Gide

  • Theo Van Rysselberghe was a Belgian Neo-impressionist painter who played an essential part in his time in the European art scene during the turn of the 20th century.
  • He was particularly impressed by the “old masters” at the Museo del Prado.
  • At the same time, he met poet and writer Emile Verhaeren, who he would later play many times.
  • In November 1883, he departed for Tanger, this time alongside Frantz Charlet, in search of Tanger.

 


7. Camille Pissarro

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 10 July 1830, Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands

Died: 13 November 1903, Paris, France

Children: Lucien Pissarro, Georges Henri Manzana Pissarro

  • Camille Pissarro was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter.
  • He continued to study and work with Georges Seurat and Paul Signac as he adopted the Neo-Impressionist style at age 54.
  • In 1873, he established the collective society of fifteen artist-aspiring students and became the “pivotal” person who held the group together and encouraged others to join.
  • Pissarro is the sole artist who presented his work in every one of the 8 Paris Impressionist exhibitions from 1874 until 1886.

 


8. Charles Angrand

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 19 April 1854, Criquetot-sur-Ouville, France

Died: 1 April 1926, Rouen, France

  • Charles Angrand was a French artist who became famous for his Neo-Impressionist drawings and paintings.
  • He was a crucial part of the Parisian avant-garde arts scene of the 1880s and the 1890s. The 1890s.
  • He received artistic training in Rouen at Academie de Peinture et de Dessin.
  • England’s use of Pointillist techniques was distinct from the work associated with its top supporters.
  • He used a more subtle palette than Seurat or Signac, who painted with vibrant, contrasting colors.

 


9. Lucien Pissarro

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 20 February 1863, Paris, France

Died: 10 July 1944, Thorncombe, United Kingdom

Artworks: April, Epping, Ivy Cottage, Coldharbour: Sun and Snow

Children: Orovida Camille Pissarro

Spouse: Esther Pissarro (m. 1892)

Parents: Camille Pissarro

  • Lucien Pissarro was a landscape painter, printmaker, wood engraver, printer, designer, and creator of exquisite books.
  • His landscape paintings use techniques from Impressionism along with Neo-Impressionism.
  • Until 1890, he worked 1890 in France 1890 and then was stationed in Britain.
  • Pissarro was born on February 20, 1863, in Paris.
  • He was the eldest of seven children, and his father was Impressionist painting artist Camille Pissarro and his wife, Julie.

 


10. Georges Lemmen

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 25 November 1865, Schaerbeek, Belgium

Died: 5 July 1916, Uccle, Belgium

Partner: Aline Maréchal

  • Georges Lemmen was a painter of the Neo-Impressionist style from Belgium.
  • He was a part of Les XX from 1888.

 


11. Jean Metzinger

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 24 June 1883, Nantes, France

Died: 3 November 1956, Paris, France

  • Jean Metzinger was an influential 20th-century French artist, philosopher, critic, writer, and poet.
  • His early works, from 1900-1904, were influenced partly by Neo-Impressionism, which was the work of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond Cross.
  • Between 1904 and 1907, Metzinger was working 1904 and 1907, working in the Divisionist as well as Fauvist styles, with a significant Cezannian element, which led to some of the earliest Cubist-inspired works.
  • During the First World War, Metzinger furthered his status as a leader Cubist through his involvement in the founding of the second stage of the movement, called Crystal Cubism.

 


12. Albert Dubois-Pillet

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 28 October 1846, Paris, France

Died: 18 August 1890, Le Puy, France

Education: Saint-Cyr Military Academy

  • Albert Dubois-Pillet was a French Neo-impressionist painter and an army officer in his career.
  • He was a crucial figure in the creation of the Societe des Artistes Independants and was among the first artists to adopt Pointillism.
  • Louis-Auguste-Albert Dubois was born on 28 October 1846 in Paris. His family, soon after, relocated to Toulouse, and the family lived until his death.
  • He was in the military throughout his life.
  • Between 1870 and 1871, He was a soldier in the Franco-Prussian War, during which the Germans took him prisoner and imprisoned his body in Westphalia, Prussia as a prisoner of war.

 


13. Henri Matisse

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 31 December 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France

Died: 3 November 1954, Nice, France

  • Henri Matisse was a French visual artist renowned for his use of colour and his unique and fluid drawing style.
  • Draughtsman was an artist and printmaker; however, he is best known in the field of painting.
  • The majority of his best work was created during the decade following the year 1906, when he was developing an ardent style that emphasized geometric shapes and patterns that were flattened.
  • In 1930, he opted for the bolder form of simplification.
  • His ability to express the art of drawing and colour that is exhibited in a collection of works lasting more than a half-century was recognized as an influential figure in contemporary art.

 


14. Alfred William Finch

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 28 November 1854, Brussels, Belgium

Died: 1930, Helsinki, Finland

 


15. Robert Delaunay

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 12 April 1885, Paris, France

Died: 25 October 1941, Montpellier, France

Periods: Cubism, Modern art, Orphism, Neo-Impressionism, Abstract art

Spouse: Sonia Delaunay (m. 1910–1941)

  • Robert Delaunay was a French artist who, along with Sonia Delaunay, his spouse Sonia Delaunay and others, founded the Orphism art movement.
  • His later work was more abstract.
  • His main influence is attributed to the striking use of color and a sincere love for exploring the tone and depth.
  • He believes painting is purely visual art based on intellectual components.
  • His early works are heavily influenced by Neo-impressionism.

 


16. Henry van de Velde

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 3 April 1863, Antwerp, Belgium

Died: 15 October 1957, Oberägeri, Switzerland

Spouse: Maria Sèthe (m. 1894–1943)

Children: Anne Sophie Alma van de Velde, Nele van de Velde

  • Henry van Velde was a Belgian painter, architect, interior designer, and art theorist.
  • He was in Paris along with Samuel Bing, the founder of the first art gallery Art Nouveau.
  • Van de Velde spent a significant portion of his life in Germany and became a prominent character during Germany’s German Jugendstil.
  • He significantly influenced German design and architecture at the start of the second decade of the 20th century.
  • Then, in 1907, the designer founded the German Werkbund, An organization that aims to enhance and promote German design by establishing close relationships between designers and the industry.

 


17. Jan Toorop

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 20 December 1858, Purworejo Regency, Indonesia

Died: 3 March 1928, The Hague, Netherlands

Spouse: Annie Hall (m. 1886–1928)

Children: Charley Toorop

Grandchild: John Ferno

  • Jan”Torop” was a painter from the Netherlands-Indonesian region who was a painter of various styles, including Symbolism, Art Nouveau, and Pointillism.
  • The Amsterdam Impressionism movement influenced his initial work.
  • He was the son of Christoffel Toorop, a civil servant. His mother of his was Maria Magdalena Cooke.
  • He was the third child in a family of five and was born on the shores of Bangka close to Sumatra until he reached the age of nine years old.
  • In 1869, he departed Indonesia 1869 to move to the Netherlands and studied at Delft and Amsterdam.

 


18. Anna Boch

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 10 February 1848, Saint-Vaast, La Louvière, Belgium

Died: 25 February 1936, Ixelles, Belgium

Parents: Victor Boch

  • Anna Rosalie Boch was a Belgian painter born in Saint-Vaast, Hainaut.
  • Anna Boch died in Ixelles in 1936. She was buried at Ixelles in 1936. She is buried there at the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels, Belgium.
  • Boch took part in the Neo-Impressionist movement.
  • Her earlier works utilized the Pointillist technique; however, she is most famous for her Impressionist style, which she adopted throughout her career.
  • In addition to her artwork, Boch held one of the most significant collections of Impressionist art of her time.

 


19. George Morren

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 27 July 1868, Antwerp, Belgium

Died: 21 November 1941, Brussels, Belgium

  • George Morren was a Belgian artist, sculptor Impressionist, engraver, and painter.
  • He was raised in an upper-class family and a Francophile family.
  • His early years were filled with art education.
  • The artist and close friend from the household Emile Claus, who instructed his brothers and him often a week, served as his first teacher.
  • He began his work in the Impressionist style.

 


20. Carlo Fornara

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 21 October 1871, Prestinone, Italy

Died: 15 September 1968, Craveggia, Italy

  • Carlo Fornara was an Italian Neo-impressionist and divisionist painter.

 


21. Sattar Bahlulzade

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 15 December 1909, Amirjan, Azerbaijan

Died: 14 October 1974, Moscow, Russia

Education: Maskvos valstybinis akademinis Surikovo dailės institutas (1933–1940)

Known for: Landscape art, Portrait painting, Still life, History painting

  • Sattar Bahlulzade was an Azerbaijani painter best known for his landscape paintings depicting Azerbaijan’s natural landscape.
  • It is said to be the father of Azerbaijani Impressionism.
  • He is now widely thought of as one of the most outstanding artists of Azerbaijan and an essential name in the development of Azerbaijani art generally.
  • The third child of the family follows the two older sisters.
  • In 1933, he started his studies at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in Moscow, where Vladimir Favors founded the school.

 


22. Jeanne Selmersheim-Desgrange

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 27 January 1877

Died: 30 April 1958, 4th arrondissement, Paris, France

Children: Ginette Signac

Grandchild: Françoise Cachin

 


23. Ludvig Karsten

Born: 8 May 1876, Oslo, Norway

Died: 19 October 1926, Paris, France

Education: Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry

Spouse: Misse Haslund (m. 1913–1917)

  • Ludvig Karsten was a Norwegian painter.
  • He was a neo-impressionist influenced by Edvard Munch, Henri Matisse, and contemporary French painting.
  • He first took part in the exhibition of the Autumn season in Kristiania in the year 1901. He held his first solo exhibition in 1904.
  • His work is displayed in museums across various Scandinavian cities and includes several paintings in the National Gallery of Norway.

Karsten was famous for his bohemian style and quick temper.

 


24. Paul Baum

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 22 September 1859, Meissen, Germany

Died: 15 May 1932, San Gimignano, Italy

Period: Neo-Impressionism

  • Paul Baum was a German artist, draftsman, and printmaker.
  • He was the leading symbol for Neo-Impressionism in Germany
  • He started as a flower painter in the Royal Porcelain Factory.
  • It was 1877 when he opted to pursue a course alongside Friedrich Preller at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts.
  • On an excursion in Paris during the year 1890. He experienced his first experience with French Impressionism.

 


25. Ida Gerhardi

Neo-Impressionism artists

Born: 2 August 1862, Hagen, Germany

Died: 29 June 1927

  • Ida Gerhardi was a German Neo-Impressionist painter who lived most of her time in Paris.
  • Her birthplace was Hagen on August 2nd, 1862.
  • His father worked as a physician. After his sudden demise in 1869, the family relocated to Detmold in the area where she grew up as a child.
  • Though she’d always dreamed of becoming an artist from the time she was a little girl, she had to wait until she was 28 before she could follow her dreams.
  • She organized her exhibits and sold her art mostly on her own.

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