Top 25 Mannerism artists who changed its history

In the years after the High Renaissance, in the late 16th century, Italy saw the emergence of the artistic movement known as Mannerism.  Parmigianino, Jacopo da Pontormo, and Bronzino are some of the most well-known artists associated with the Mannerism movement.  By frequently adopting exaggerated or stylized shapes, these artists explored the artistic potential beyond the realistic depiction of the world.

Diffused perspectives, stretched figures, and intricate compositions are all characteristics of Mannerism art.  By aiming to create works that were more expressive and emotionally charged, these painters intended to subvert the traditional Renaissance values of harmony, balance, and proportion.

Dramatic lighting, vibrant colours, and extravagant costumes and sets are frequently found in manerism works. These pieces can be both lovely and frightening, encouraging the viewer to reflect on how they perceive the environment and themselves.

1. El Greco

Mannerism artists

Born: 1 October 1541, Heraklion, Greece

Died: 7 April 1614, Toledo, Spain

Periods: Mannerism, Spanish Renaissance

Full name: Doménikos Theotokópoulos

Place of burial: Convento de Santo Domingo El Antiguo, Toledo, Spain

Parents: Geórgios Theotokópoulos

  • El Greco was a Greek artist, sculptor, and architect from the Spanish Renaissance.
  • El Greco was born in the Kingdom of Candia (modern Crete), an integral part of the Republic of Venice, Italy and the heart of Post-Byzantine art.
  • He was trained and became a master in the tradition before he travelled to Venice at the age of 26 in the same way many other Greek artists had previously done.
  • It was 1570 when he relocated to Rome, opened a workshop, and completed an array of work.
  • He was 1577 when he emigrated 1577 to Toledo, Spain, where the family lived up to his passing.

 


2. Tintoretto

Mannerism artists

Born: 1518, Venice, Italy

Died: 31 May 1594, Venice, Italy

Periods: Renaissance, Mannerism, Venetian painting

Full name: Jacopo Comin

Place of burial: Church of Madonna dell’Orto, Venice, Italy

Children: Domenico Tintoretto, Marietta Tintoretto, Marco Tintoretto

  • Tintoretto is an Italian painter associated with belonging to the Venetian school.
  • His contemporaries both appreciated and critiqued the speed of his painting, as well as the extraordinary brilliance of his work.
  • His work is distinguished by his strong figures with dramatic gestures, bold gestures and use of perspective, which is in his Mannerist style.
  • Tintoretto was born in Venice in 1518.
  • Tintoretto is believed to have had at most one sibling with a brother called Domenico, but an account from the 17th century that is not reliable says the number of his siblings was 22.

 


3. Pontormo

Mannerism artists

Born: 24 May 1494, Empoli, Italy

Died: 2 January 1557, Florence, Italy

Period: Mannerism

Place of burial: Chapel of St Luke, Annunziata

Full name: Jacopo Carucci

  • He is well-known for his twining poses, paired with unclear perspective.
  • Pontormo was a painter in the area of Florence and Florence, often aided by Medici patronage.
  • A visit to Rome to look at Michelangelo’s works influenced his style later.

 


4. Parmigianino

Mannerism artists

Born: 11 January 1503, Parma, Italy

Died: 24 August 1540, Casalmaggiore, Italy

Periods: Mannerism, Renaissance

Nationality: Italian

Parents: Filippo Mazzola, Donatella Abbati

  • Parmigianino is an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker working across Florence, Rome, Bologna and Parma.
  • His work is described as his “refined sensuality” and often the elongation of forms, and also the Vision of Saint Jerome (1527).
  • He made outstanding drawings and was one of the first Italian artists to try printmaking by himself.
  • This, combined with the lack of big primary subjects, has led to them being less famous than other works of similar artists.
  • He painted many important portraits, establishing an era in Italy toward the full-length figure of three quarters previously reserved for royalty.

 


5. Bronzino

Mannerism artists

Born: 17 November 1503, Florence, Italy

Died: 23 November 1572, Florence, Italy

Full name: Agnolo di Cosimo

Nationality: Italian

Parents: Cosimo di Mariano

  • Bronzino was an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence.
  • He was mostly an artist of portraits but also painted numerous religious subjects and some allegorical subjects, including what’s likely his most well-known piece, Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time, which was painted c. 1544-45. It is now in London.
  • Bronzino is a native of Florence, and his father was a butcher.
  • At the close of his lifetime, Bronzino took a prominent role in the work of the Florentine Accademia delle Arti Del Disegno, of which Bronzino was one of the founding members in 1563.

 


6. Paolo Veronese

Mannerism artists

Born: 1528, Verona, Italy

Died: 19 April 1588, Venice, Italy

Periods: Renaissance, Mannerism, Venetian painting

Nationality: Italian, Venetian

Children: Carlo Caliari, Gabriele Caliari

Parents: Caterina, Gabriele

  • Paulo Caliari was an Italian Renaissance painter.
  • He is known as a supreme colourist, and following an early period of the Mannerism movement, Paolo Veronese developed a naturalist style of painting inspired by Titian.
  • His most well-known works are intricate narratives, performed in a striking and vivid style, with majestic architecture and extravagant pageantry.
  • Veronese adopted his common name from his hometown of Verona, which was then the biggest holding in Venice located on the continent.
  • In 1541 Veronese had been a pupil of Antonio Badile, who was later to become his father-in-law, and in 1544 was an apprentice to Giovanni Francesco Carota.

 


7. Benvenuto Cellini

Mannerism artists

Born: 3 November 1500, Florence, Italy

Died: 13 February 1571, Florence, Italy

Nationality: Italian

Place of burial: The SS. Annunziata di Firenze, Florence, Italy

  • Benvenuto Cellini was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor and writer.
  • Benvenuto Cellini was born in Florence today, which is in Italy.
  • They are Giovanni Cellini and Maria Lisabetta Granacci.
  • Benvenuto is the 2nd son in the household.
  • From Florence, the city of his birth, he visited his court at the Duke of Mantua and returned to Florence.

 


8. Antonio da Correggio

Mannerism artists
Born: August 1489, Correggio, Italy

Died: 5 March 1534, Correggio, Italy

Nationality: Italian

Children: Pomponio Allegri

  • During the High Italian Renaissance, Antonio Allegri da Correggio was the greatest painter of his time, the Parma School.
  • Through his compositional style that is dynamic with illusionistic perspective and the dramatic foreshortening of his compositions, Correggio inspired his work in the Baroque style of the 17th century, as well as that of the Rococo style of the 18th century.
  • He is regarded as the master of chiaroscuro.
  • Antonio Allegri was born in Correggio, which is a town of a tiny size located near Reggio Emilia.
  • A son, Pomponio Allegri, became a well-known artist.

 


9. Andrea del Sarto

Mannerism artists

Born: 16 July 1486, Florence, Italy

Died: 21 January 1531, Florence, Italy

Spouse: Lucrezia del Fede (m. 1512)

Periods: Mannerism, High Renaissance

Nationality: Italian

  • Andrea del Sarto was an Italian painter from Florence who was a star in the High Renaissance and early Mannerism.
  • He was regarded for his outstanding work as a fresco decorator, artist of altarpieces, portraitist artist, and colourist.
  • Andrea and an old friend Franciabigio have decided to create an open studio in the Piazza del Grano apartment.
  • In 1520, he resumed his work in Florence and recited 1520 the faith as well as Charitable in the chapel in the Scalzo.

 


10. Francesco de’ Rossi

Mannerism artists

Born: 1510, Florence, Italy

Died: 11 November 1563, Rome, Italy

Notable work: The Incredulity of Saint Thomas

  • Francesco de Rossi was an Italian Mannerist painter who lived and worked in Florence; however, he also created many paintings in Rome.
  • Salviati was born in Florence.
  • He apprenticed under Giuliano Bugiardini, Baccio Bandinelli, Raffaele Brescianino, and Andrea del Sarto from 1529-30.
  • His mature style features the look of a snob and has scenes resembling Giulio Romano’s work.
  • At this time, his style exhibits the influence of Parmigianino. The many portraits he painted could be mistaken with Bronzino.

 


11. Federico Zuccari

Mannerism artists

Born: 1539, Sant’Angelo in Vado, Italy

Died: 20 July 1609, Ancona, Italy

Siblings: Taddeo Zuccari

Nationality: Italian

  • Federico Zuccarowas an Italian Mannerist painter and architect who was active in Italy and worldwide.
  • His career as a painter started around 1550 when the artist was sent to Rome to work for Taddeo, his older brother.
  • He then completed the decorations for Pius IV and also helped complete the fresco decorations of Caprarola’s Villa Farnese at Caprarola.
  • From 1563-1565 He was active in 1563 and 1565. He was active in Venice and the Grimani family from Santa Maria Formosa.

 


12. Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola

Mannerism artists

Born: 1 October 1507, Vignola, Italy

Died: 7 July 1573, Rome, Italy

Period: Mannerism

Nationality: Italian

Children: Giacinto Barozzi

  • Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola was one of the greatest Italian architects of the 16th century Mannerism.
  • The 3 architects responsible for have spread this Italian Renaissance style throughout Western Europe are Vignola, Serlio and Palladio.
  • He is usually regarded as the most important architect of Rome during the Mannerist time.
  • He started his career as an architect in Bologna and supported himself through painting and creating perspectives for artisans working with inlay.
  • He first visited Rome in 1536 to create precise sketches of Roman temples. His goal was the idea of publishing his illustrated Vitruvius.

 


13. Sebastiano del Piombo

Mannerism artists

Born: 1485, Venice, Italy

Died: 21 June 1547, Rome, Italy

Nationality: Italian

Education: Giovanni Bellini, probably Giorgione

  • Sebastiano del Piombo was an Italian painter from his time during the High Renaissance and early Mannerist times.
  • He is a member of the painting school in his hometown, Venice, where he had a significant impact before his departure to Rome in 1511 and also to the painting school of Rome, where he lived throughout his life.
  • His early career in both Venice in both Venice and Rome was somewhat masked because of the existence of more accomplished painters in Rome, the city he was born in.
  • His influence on the other artists was severely limited due to the absence of prominent students and the relatively limited diffusion of his work in printed copies.
  • Sebastiano del Piombo was probably born in Venice, although there isn’t any certainty about his origins.

 


14. Alessandro Allori

Mannerism artists

Born: 31 May 1535, Florence, Italy

Died: 22 September 1607, Florence, Italy

Children: Cristofano Allori

Period: Mannerism

  • Alessandro Allori was an Italian artist from his time. Mannerist Florentine School.
  • In the midst time of his life, Allori led one among the “two most important workshops in Florence in the second half of the 16th century”.
  • He also painted two panels that depict a dinner party of Cleopatra as well as a landscape with people searching to find pearls.
  • One of his collaborators was Giovanni Maria Butteri, and his principal teacher was Giovanni Bizzelli.

 


15. Hans von Aachen

Mannerism artists

Born: 1552, Cologne, Germany

Died: 4 March 1615, Prague, Czechia

Nationality: German

Partner: Regina di Lasso

Period: Mannerism

  • Hans von Aachen was a German artist and is one of the most prominent people who represented Northern Mannerism.
  • He was a highly successful painter of aristocratic and princely portraits. He also painted mythological, religious, and allegorical themes.
  • He also created various genre paintings comprising smaller groups of figures viewed from the chest up and laughing, usually with his wife and himself as models.
  • Von Aachen generally worked on a smaller scale, and much of his work was copper-based cabinet painting.
  • Hans von Aachen’s life, work and legacy Hans von Aachen bear unique testimony to the transfer of culture across North, South and Central Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries.

 


16. Federico Barocci

Mannerism artists

Born: 1535, Urbino, Italy

Died: 30 September 1612, Urbino, Italy

Periods: Renaissance, Baroque, Mannerism

Nationality: Italian

Known for: Painting

Notable work: The Communion of the Apostles

  • Federico Barocci was an Italian Renaissance painter and printmaker.
  • His initial nickname was Federico Fiori, earning him the nickname Il Barocco.
  • He is widely regarded as the most important and individual artist of his period throughout central Italy.
  • He then studied with his painter Battista Franco at Urbino.
  • He was invited to return to Rome by pope Pius IV to help decorate the Vatican Belvedere Palace at Rome, in which he painted an image of Mary and an infant. Mary and her infant, along with many saints and a ceiling fresco, symbolise Jesus’ Annunciation.

 


17. Baldassare Peruzzi

Mannerism artists

Born: 7 March 1481, Siena, Italy

Died: 6 January 1536, Rome, Italy

Place of burial: Pantheon, Rome, Italy

Children: Giovanni Sallustio Peruzzi

On view: J. Paul Getty Museum, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Notable work: Decoration of Villa Farnesina; Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne

  • Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi was an Italian artist and architect.
  • He collaborated for many years alongside Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo in the construction of St. Peter’s.
  • He returned to his hometown of Siena following his participation in the Sack of Rome (1527), where he was employed as an architect for the Republic.
  • Peruzzi had created a mosaic ceiling for the Santa Croce Church in Gerusalemme, Rome.

 


18. Daniele da Volterra

Mannerism artists

Born: 1509, Volterra, Italy

Died: 4 April 1566, Rome, Italy

Period: Mannerism

Nickname: The Breeches Maker

On view: Rijksmuseum

  • Daniele da Volterra was a Mannerist Italian artist and sculptor.
  • The most well-known thing about him is his connection to the late Michelangelo.
  • A number of Daniele’s most important works were inspired by designs created to serve this reason by Michelangelo.
  • He was asked to paint of a frieze within Salon One of Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne, featuring the life of Fabius Maximus.
  • In Rome, the artist also began to work within his circle Michelangelo and became friends with Michelangelo.
  • Then he devoted his time to the art of sculpture.

 


19. Giovanni Baglione

Mannerism artists

Born: 1566, Rome, Italy

Died: 30 December 1643, Rome, Italy

Periods: Baroque, Mannerism

  • Giovanni Baglione was an Italian Late Mannerist and Early Baroque artist and art historian.
  • The man was born in Rome and passed away in Rome; however, according to his accounts, he was out of a noble clan in Perugia.
  • 1621-1622 was his time between 1621 and Mantua serving as court art director for Duke Ferdinando Gonzaga, where the exposure to the stunning Gonzaga collection of Venetian artworks was a major influence on his style.
  • The standard of his work deteriorated dramatically in the 1630s when he was in his sixties.
  • He was part of the Accademia between 1593 and his demise and was three times president.

 


20. Karel van Mander

Mannerism artists

Born: May 1548, Meulebeke, Belgium

Died: 2 September 1606, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Books: Schilder-boeck

Grandchildren: Karel van Mander III, Cornelis van Mander

Children: Karel van Mander the Younger

  • Karel Van Mander was a Flemish poet, painter, artist, art historian, and art theorist.
  • The most popular memory of him is that of the biographer of Early Netherlandish painters and Northern Renaissance artists from the works of his Schilder-Boeck.
  • As an artist and art theoretician, he played an important role in the growth and spread of Northern Mannerism in the Dutch Republic.
  • The bulk of information regarding Karel van Mander’s life comes from an anonymous biographical sketch in the posthumous 2nd edition of the Schilder-Boeck, published in 1618 by Jacob Pietersz Wachter.
  • Van Mander was born into an elite family in Meulebeke, located within Flanders, the County of Flanders.

 


21. Domenico Beccafumi

Mannerism artists

Born: 1486, Montaperti, Italy

Died: 18 May 1551, Siena, Italy

Period: Mannerism

  • Domenico Beccafumi was an Italian Renaissance-Mannerist painter active predominantly in Siena.
  • He is regarded as one of the few undiluted representatives of the Sienese painting school.
  • After observing his talent in sketching, Lorenzo adopted him and advised him to learn painting from Mechero, a lesser Sienese artist.
  • In 1509, he travelled to Rome and learned from artists who had completed their first works in the Vatican, But he was back in Siena.
  • Unlike the balanced, geometric, self-assured Florentine style, The Sienese style paints edges into a more emotional and chaotic world.

 


22. Jan Brueghel the Elder

Mannerism artists

Born: 1568, Brussels, Belgium

Died: 13 January 1625, Antwerp, Belgium

Parents: Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Mayken Coecke

Children: Jan Brueghel the Younger, Ambrosius Brueghel, Paschasia Brueghel, Anna Brueghel, Anna Teniers

  • Jan Brueghel was a Flemish artist and draughtsman.
  • His father was famous Flemish Renaissance painter Pieter Bruegel, The Elder.
  • He was a major innovator who came up with new forms of paintings like floral garland paintings, paradisaic landscapes and gallery paintings in the first quarter of the 17th century.
  • He was the court painter for Isabella, Archduke and Duchess Albrecht and Isabella Governors from Habsburg Netherlands. Habsburg Netherlands.
  • Her mother is the sister of well-known Flemish Renaissance artists Pieter Coecke van Aelst and Mayken Verhulst.

 


23. Giuseppe Cesari

Mannerism artists

Born: February 1568, Rome, Italy

Died: 3 July 1640, Rome, Italy

Parents: Muzio Cesari

Period: Mannerism

  • He was the studio director where Caravaggio learned upon the younger artist’s arrival in Rome.
  • A man with a sensitive and mysterious character who rose from poverty to the top of the heap of luxury.
  • He was a brother. Bernardino Cesari assisted in many of his creations.
  • His most interesting and perhaps most unexpected student was Caravaggio.

 


24. Maarten van Heemskerck

Mannerism artists

Born: 1 June 1498, Heemskerk, Netherlands

Died: 1 October 1574, Haarlem, Netherlands

  • Maarten Van Heemskerck was a Dutch artist of religion and portraits who worked most of his time in Haarlem.
  • He was a student at the school of Jan van Scorel and was influenced by his Italian teacher.
  • He designed several illustrations for engraving companies and is renowned for his representations of Wonders of the World.
  • Heemskerck was born in Heemskerk, North Holland, located halfway from Alkmaar as well as Haarlem.
  • He explored the entire central and northern Italy and stopped in Rome.

 


25. Prospero Fontana

Mannerism artists

Born: 1512, Bologna, Italy

Died: 1597, Bologna, Italy

Children: Lavinia Fontana

  • Prospero Fontana was a Bolognese painter from the early Renaissance along with Mannerist art.
  • Perhaps he is most well-known for his frescoes and architectural details.
  • His speed with the way he painted resulted in commissions where the artist collaborated with other renowned artists of the time.
  • In his later work, Fontana taught younger artists and his daughter, Lavinia.

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