Top 25 Fauvism artists who changed its history

Early in the 20th century, a movement in art known as “Fauvism” appeared in France. The movement stood out for its use of strong, vivid colours and rejection of conventional representational methods.

Maurice de Vlaminck, André Derain, and Henri Matisse are a few of the best-known Fauvist artists. These artists were drawn to the expressive power of colour as well as the idea of producing works that exuded vigour and vitality.

The use of intense, unnatural hues in Fauvist art is frequently utilised to convey an impression of emotional intensity. In order to maximise the expressive potential of colour and line, forms are frequently flattened or simplified.

1. Henri Matisse

Fauvism artists

Born: 31 December 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France

Died: 3 November 1954, Nice, France

Periods: Fauvism, Impressionism, Modern art, Post-Impressionism, Modernism, Neo-Impressionism

Full name: Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse

  • Henri Matisse was a French visual artist renowned for his use of colour and his unique and fluid drawing style.
  • Draughtsman was an artist and printmaker; however, he is best known in the field of painting.
  • The majority of his best work was created during the decade following the year 1906, when he was developing an ardent style that emphasized geometric shapes and patterns that were flattened.
  • In 1930, he opted for the bolder form of simplification.
  • His ability to express the art of drawing and colour that is exhibited in a collection of works lasting more than a half-century was recognized as an influential figure in contemporary art.


2. André Derain

Fauvism artists

Born: 10 June 1880, Chatou, France

Died: 8 September 1954, Garches, France

Periods: Fauvism, Modern art

Parents: Louis Charlemagne Derain

Education: Académie Julian

  • Andre Derain was a French artist who was a sculptor, painter, and co-founder of Fauvism alongside Henri Matisse.
  • In 1900 the artist met and shared his space with Maurice de Vlaminck and they began to draw scenes from the area. However, their work was interrupted by military duty at Commercy from September 1901 until 1904.
  • Derain and Matisse were a team throughout their summer in 1905 at Collioure, a Mediterranean town of Collioure and then later presented their highly original paintings during the Salon d’Automne.
  • In 1907, the art dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler purchased Derain’s entire studio, giving Derain an income that was stable.
  • He was a stone sculpture enthusiast and then moved to Montmartre to be close to his close friend Pablo Picasso and other noted artists.


3. Georges Braque

Fauvism artists

Born: 13 May 1882, Argenteuil, France

Died: 31 August 1963, Paris, France

Influenced by: Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Cézanne, André Derain, Paul Gauguin

Periods: Cubism, Modern art, Fauvism, Analytical Cubism

  • Georges Braque was one of the most important 20th-century French painters, collagist artists, printmakers, and draughtsman.
  • Their most prominent contribution was his collaboration with Fauvism beginning in 1905 and his role in creating Cubism.
  • He was raised at Le Havre and trained to become a painter of houses and decorator, just like his grandfather and father.
  • Braque’s work from 1908-1912 showed his renewed interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective.


4. Maurice de Vlaminck

Fauvism artists

Born: 4 April 1876, Paris, France

Died: 11 October 1958, Rueil-la-Gadelière, France

Parents: Joséphine Caroline Grillet, Edmond Julien de Vlaminck

Children: Madeleine Berly-Vlaminck

  • Maurice de Vlaminck was a French painter from France.
  • Maurice de Vlaminck was born on Rue Pierre Lescot in Paris.
  • He was the son of Edmond Julien, who was Flemish and taught violin, while his mom Josephine Caroline Grillet came from Lorraine and taught piano.
  • He began painting as a child in his late teens.
  • When World War I, he was stationed in Paris. He began to write poems.


5. Raoul Dufy

Fauvism artists

Born: 3 June 1877, Le Havre, France

Died: 23 March 1953, Forcalquier, France

Periods: Fauvism, Impressionism, Cubism, Modernism

Spouse: Eugénie-Émilienne Brisson (m. 1911–1953)

  • Raoul Dufy was a French Fauvist painter.
  • He created a vibrant design style, which became popular in textiles and ceramics as designs for public structures.
  • He is renowned for his scenes of social gatherings in the open air.
  • He was an older sibling, Jean Dufy, who was also an artist.
  • He worked on enhancing his drawing skills to become a renowned artist.


6. Kees van Dongen

Fauvism artists

Born: 3 June 1877, Le Havre, France

Died: 23 March 1953, Forcalquier, France

Periods: Fauvism, Impressionism, Cubism, Modernism

Spouse: Eugénie-Émilienne Brisson (m. 1911–1953)

  • Kees Van Dongen was a Dutch-French artist who was among the top Fauves.
  • The paintings he created between 1905 and 1910 are thought by some to be his most significant works.
  • His themes from this period tend to be centered around the nightlife. He paints singers, dancers, theatrical performances, and masquerades.
  • He was the third of four children from an upper-middle-class family.
  • At the age of 16 years old, Kees van Dongen began studying at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Rotterdam.


7. Marc Chagall

Fauvism artists

Born: 7 July 1887, Liozna, Belarus

Died: 28 March 1985, Saint Paul de Vence, France

Periods: Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Expressionism, Fauvism, Modernism, Symbolism

Siblings: David Chagall, Maryasya Chagall, Zinaida Chagall

Spouse: Valentina Brodsky (m. 1952–1985), Bella Rosenfeld (m. 1915–1944)

Children: Ida Chagall, David McNeil

  • Marc Chagall was a French-Belarusian artist.
  • Born in modern-day Belarus, which was once an integral part of the Russian Empire, he was of Belarusian Jewish origin.
  • Before World War I, he was a frequent traveler from Saint Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin.
  • He lived through the wartime period in Belarus and became one of Belarus’s most renowned artists and an active member of the avant-garde modernist.
  • Chagall was the oldest of nine children.


8. Albert Marquet

Fauvism artists

Born: 27 March 1875, Bordeaux, France

Died: 14 June 1947, Paris, France

Nationality: French

Spouse: Marcelle Marquet (m. 1923–1947)

  • Albert Marquet was a French painter who was associated with the Fauvist movement.
  • He was an artist among the Fauve artists and was a long-time friend of Henri Matisse.
  • Marquet later painted in an edgier style, with a focus on landscapes; however, she also painted portraits as well as in the period between 1910 and 1914, a number of naked female paintings.
  • Marquet was born 1875, in Bordeaux.
  • In 1890, he emigrated to Paris to study in his first class at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs, where he was introduced to Henri Matisse.


9. Charles Camoin

Fauvism artists

Born: 23 September 1879, Marseille, France

Died: 20 May 1965, Paris, France

Period: Fauvism

Education: National School of Fine Arts

  • Charles Camoin was a French artist of the expressionist style connected to the Fauves.
  • He painted an image of Matisse and it is in the collection that is permanent at the Pompidou Museum in Paris.


10. Amedeo Modigliani

Fauvism artists

Born: 12 July 1884, Livorno, Italy

Died: 24 January 1920, Chu – Hospital De La Charité, Saint-Étienne, France

Spouse: Jeanne Hébuterne (m. 1917–1920)

Periods: Expressionism, Modern art, School of Paris, Fauvism

Grandchildren: Laure Nechtschein Modigliani, Anne Nechtschein Modigliani

  • Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian painter and sculptor.
  • He is famous for pictures and nudes with a contemporary look, which is distinguished by the surreal elongation of necks, faces, and figures.
  • From 1909 to 1914, He mainly focused his attention on sculpture.
  • His primary subject matter was portraits and full-figure figures, both in photographs and in his sculptures.
  • He passed away from tubercular meningitis at 35 years old at the age of 35 in Paris.


11. Georges Rouault

Fauvism artists

Born: 27 May 1871, Paris, France

Died: 13 February 1958, Paris, France

Place of burial: Cimetière Saint-Louis de Versailles, Ohio, United States

Children: Isabella Rouault

Education: National School of Fine Arts

  • Georges Henri Rouault was a French artist, draughtsman, and printmaker.
  • Rouault was born in Paris to a family of poor.
  • His birthplace was the Parisian cellar following the time the family’s home was destroyed during the Paris rebellion of 1871.
  • Her mother encouraged his passion for the arts.
  • The year was 1894. Rouault took home 1894 the Prix Chenavard.
  • It was in 1907 that Rouault began a new series of portraits dedicated to clowns, courts, and prostitutes.


12. Henri Manguin

Fauvism artists

Born: 23 March 1874, Paris, France

Died: 25 September 1949, Saint-Tropez, France

Education: National School of Fine Arts

  • Henri Manguin was a French painter who was associated with the Fauves.
  • Manguin was heavily influenced by Impressionism, which is evident by his choice of vibrant pastel colors.
  • He was married in 1899 and created many photographs of his bride Jeanne and their families.
  • It was 1902 when Manguin was the first artist to exhibit at a show in 1902 at Salon des Independants and Salon d’Automne.
  • He frequently traveled together with Albert Marquet throughout Southern Europe.


13. Othon Friesz

Fauvism artists

Born: 6 February 1879, Le Havre, France

Died: 10 January 1949, Paris, France

Known for: Painter

  • Othon Friesz was a French artist who was part of the Fauvist movement.
  • Othon Friesz was born at Le Havre, the son of an extensive line of sea captains and shipbuilders.
  • He attended school in his hometown city.
  • In the final 30 years of his existence, He created art with an entirely distinct aesthetic from that of his former colleagues and fellow artists.


14. Jean Metzinger

Fauvism artists

Born: 24 June 1883, Nantes, France

Died: 3 November 1956, Paris, France

Education: Académie de La Palette, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Lycée Clemenceau

Periods: Cubism, Fauvism, Section d’Or, Neo-Impressionism, Divisionism

Known for: Painting, drawing, writing, poetry

  • Jean Metzinger was an influential 20th-century French artist, philosopher, critic, writer, and poet.
  • His early works, from 1900-1904, were influenced partly by Neo-Impressionism, which was the work of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond Cross.
  • Between 1904 and 1907, Metzinger was working 1904 and 1907, working in the Divisionist as well as Fauvist styles, with a significant Cezannian element, which led to some of the earliest Cubist-inspired works.
  • During the First World War, Metzinger furthered his status as a leader Cubist through his involvement in the founding of the second stage of the movement, called Crystal Cubism.


15. Louis Valtat

Fauvism artists

Born: 8 August 1869, Dieppe, France

Died: 2 January 1952, Paris, France

Education: Académie Julian, National School of Fine Arts, School Hoche

Period: Fauvism

  • Louis Valtat was a French painter and printmaker.
  • He is recognized as a significant character in Monet and Matisse’s stylistic shift in painting.
  • His debut was on the scene in 1893 at his first Salon of Independent Artists, showing various paintings depicting scenes from the street around his studio.
  • After 1914, he was employed in Paris and areas close to Rouen in the vicinity of Rouen Versailles.


16. Robert Antoine Pinchon

Fauvism artists

Born: 1 July 1886, Rouen, France

Died: 9 January 1943, Bois-Guillaume, France

  • Robert Antoine Pinchon was a French Post-Impressionist landscape painter.
  • He was unwavering throughout his career with his devotion to painting scenic landscapes.
  • He was the son of Robert Pinchon, a journalist, librarian, playwright, and drama reviewer.
  • He showed his first work in 1900 when he was fourteen years old.


17. André Lhote

Fauvism artists

Born: 5 July 1885, Bordeaux, France

Died: 24 January 1962, Paris, France

On view: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Education: National School of Fine Arts

  • Andre Lhote was a French Cubist painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes, portraits along with still lives.
  • He was also highly influential and involved as a writer and teacher of art.
  • Lhote was born on July 5, 1885, in Bordeaux, France, and was a woodcarver and sculptor at the age of 12 years old.
  • In the meantime, he started to paint during his spare time. He quit home in 1905, making his own studio where he could devote himself to the art of painting.
  • The year 1918 was the time he was the co-founder of Nouvelle Revue Francese, the journal of art in which he wrote articles on the theory of art until 1940.


18. Jean Dufy

Fauvism artists

Born: 12 March 1888, Le Havre, France

Died: 12 May 1964, La Boissière, Boussay, France

Books: Accord and discord

  • Jean Dufy was a French painter from Parisian society. Country scenes, circuses, horse races, theatrical shows, and orchestras.
  • His work was displayed in galleries and museums throughout his life.
  • Dufy was born on March 12, 1888, into a vast, middle-class family from Le Havre.
  • Dufy quit. Dufy left the College of Saint Joseph at the age of 16 and was appointed a clerk at an enterprise for commercial purposes.
  • From 1907 to 1909, he was a clerk for the purser.


19. llya Mashkov

Fauvism artists

Born: 29 July 1881, Volgograd, Russia

Died: 20 March 1944, Moscow, Russia

  • Ilya Mashkov was a Russian artist from Russia.
  • After arriving in Moscow in 1900, he enrolled in his first class at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture.
  • In 1909, he was ejected from his school for his creative free-thinking.
  • He traveled extensively during his student years, visiting several nations that are part of West Europe, Turkey, and Egypt.
  • His artistic work reflected the color revolution of the 20th century.


20. Emilie Charmy

Fauvism artists

Born: 2 April 1878, Saint-Étienne, France

Died: 7 June 1974, Paris, France

Partner: Georges Bouche

Known for: Painting

  • Emilie Charmy was an artist from France’s avant-garde movement in the early days.
  • She collaborated closely with Fauve artists such as Henri Matisse and was involved in exhibiting her art in Paris.
  • She was an artist who was not a part of the expectations of French women of the time and was a well-known artist.
  • She created still-lifes and landscapes. She also painted portraits as well as figure paintings.
  • Her first paintings included Impressionist along with Post-Impressionist paintings.


21. Henri Evenepoel

Fauvism artists

Born: 3 October 1872, France

Died: 27 December 1899, Paris, France

Education: Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Brussels, National School of Fine Arts

  • Henri Evenepoel was a Belgian artist whose greatest works connected with Fauvism.
  • His first solo show was during his gallery at Brussels Cercle Artistique (December 1897 from December 1897 to January 1898).


22. Auguste Herbin

Fauvism artists

Born: 29 April 1882, Quiévy, France

Died: 31 January 1960, Paris, France

Nationality: French

Education: École des beaux-arts de Lille

  • Auguste Herbin was a French artist of the modern era.
  • The artist is most well-known as the artist behind His Cubist and abstract works made up of vibrant geometric shapes.
  • He co-founded the organization Abstraction-Creation and Salon des Realities Nouvelles, which were devoted to non-figurative abstract painting.
  • The first influence of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism is evident in the paintings.
  • He began to explore Cubism following his move in 1909 to Bateau Lavoir Studios.
  • In 1914, during the time of the start of World War I, he was disqualified from military service due to his small stature. He was commissioned to work at an airplane manufacturing plant near Paris.


23. Alice Bailly

Fauvism artists

Born: 25 February 1872, Geneva, Switzerland

Died: 1 January 1938, Lausanne, Switzerland

  • Alice Bailly was a Swiss avant-garde artist renowned for her interpretations of the themes of Cubism, Fauvism, and futurism, wool paintings, as well as her involvement.
  • In 1906, Bailly settled in Paris, where she met Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, and Marie Laurencin.
  • Her birthplace was an unassuming family from Geneva, Switzerland.
  • She believed that the college’s goal was to enhance her talents rather than present their ideas to her.
  • While in Paris, she was attracted to Fauvism while showing her wood-engraved work.


24. Ödön Márffy

Fauvism artists

Born: 30 November 1878, Budapest, Hungary

Died: 3 December 1959, Budapest, Hungary

Artworks: Still Life, Forest Path, Reclining Zdenka

Spouse: Berta Boncza (m. 1920–1934)

  • Odon Marffywas a Hungarian artist and the first of The Eight in Budapest, known for bringing Cubism, Fauvism, and expressionism into Hungary.
  • After a short introductory course, He was granted a scholarship to learn about art in Paris in the fall of 1902.
  • Between 1909 and 1914, the work of Marffy changed constantly.
  • In the 1920s, Marffy had established herself as a renowned and sought-after artist who was frequently exhibiting.


25. Lajos Tihanyi

Fauvism artists

Born: Budapest, Hungary

Died: 11 June 1938, Paris, France

  • After he departed from 1919 to the United States, this man has never returned to Hungary in the same way, not even on occasion.
  • They were exploring different styles and techniques of Post-Impressionism and disregarded their naturalistic approach to the Nagybanya artist’s colony.
  • Lajos Tihanyi was born Budapest around 1885. He was a member of a Jewish family from Hungary in 1885.

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