Top 14 Der Blaue Reiter artists who changed its history

Early in the 20th century, Germany saw the emergence of the Der Blaue Reiter art movement. Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, and August Macke were among the painters who started the movement. They wanted to develop a new kind of art that was centred on the spiritual and the emotional.

Bright colours, strong brushstrokes, and an impression of movement and energy are frequently used to describe Die Blaue Reiter work. A variety of elements, such as the art of the Expressionists and the Fauvists as well as the mystical traditions of Eastern Europe, had an impact on the movement.

The influence of Der Blaue Reiter is still evident in modern art’s use of colour and movement, as well as in its ongoing exploration of the connection between art and spirituality. The trend served to build a new method of producing works that was centred on the inner world of the artist and opened the way for later modern art movements like Abstract Expressionism and Neo-Expressionism.

1. Franz Marc

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 8 February 1880, Munich, Germany

Died: 4 March 1916, Braquis, France

Periods: Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Modern art, Cubism

Spouse: Maria Marc (m. 1913–1916)

Siblings: Paul Marc

Parents: Wilhelm Marc, Sophie Marc

  • Franz Moritz Wilhelm Marc was a German artist and printmaker. He was one of the most influential artists that shaped German Expressionism.
  • His older works usually depict animals and are recognized for their vibrant coloration.
  • In the 1930s, Nazis called him a degenerate artist as part of their campaign to eliminate modern art.
  • Franz Marc was born in 1880 in Munich, the capital city of Bavaria.
  • At 17 years old, Marc decided to study theology just like his older brother Paul had done.


2. Wassily Kandinsky

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 16 December 1866, Moscow, Russia

Died: 13 December 1944, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

Periods: Expressionism, Modern art, Der Blaue Reiter, Abstract art

Influenced by: Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse

Children: Vsevolod Kandinsky

Parents: Lidia Ivanovna Tikheeva, Vasili Silverstrovich

  • Wassily Wassilyevichwas a Russian artist and theorist of art.
  • Kandinsky is often credited for being among the first pioneers of abstraction in Western art, possibly following Hilma of Klint.
  • He was born in Moscow, and His family was from Moscow. He spent his early years in Odesa and graduated from the Grekov Odesa Art school.
  • In 1896 Kandinsky moved to Munich, where he began studying at Anton Azbe’s private academy and the Academy of Fine Arts.
  • His return back to Moscow at the beginning of 1914 following the beginning of World War I.

He was a teacher in his classes at his school, the Bauhaus school of architecture and art, from 1922 until the Nazis ended it in 1933.


3. August Macke

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 3 January 1887, Meschede, Germany

Died: 26 September 1914, Champagne, France

Place of burial: Alter Friedhof, Bonn, Germany

Spouse: Elisabeth Erdmann-Macke (m. 1909–1914)

Children: Walter Macke, Wolfgang Macke

Parents: August Friedrich Hermann Macke, Maria Florentine Adolph

  • August Robert Ludwig Macke was a German Expressionist painter.
  • He was among the leaders of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter.
  • Being an accomplished artist of the day, Macke knew how to incorporate into his work elements of the avant-garde that captivated him.
  • Like his friends Franz Marc and Otto Soltau, He was among the younger German artists who lost their lives during the First World War.
  • He was the sole child of August Friedrich Hermann Macke (1845-1904) and was a construction contractor and amateur artist.


4. Gabriele Münter

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 19 February 1877, Berlin, Germany

Died: 19 May 1962, Murnau am Staffelsee, Germany

Periods: Der Blaue Reiter, Expressionism

Nationality: German

Parents: Wilhelmine Scheubler, Carl Friedrich Münter

  • Gabriele Munter was a German artist of the expressionist style who was at the leading edge of the Munich avant-garde of the early 20th century.
  • She was a student and a friend of artist Wassily Kandinsky. She was also an early member of the group called expressionist Der Blaue Reiter.
  • Munter was the son of parents of the upper middle class in Berlin on the 19th of February in 1877.
  • At age 21, both her parents passed away, and she was at home with no job.
  • Munter was a significant fan of German Expressionism, and she worked with a variety of mediums with a large output of wood as well as Linocuts.


5. Paul Klee

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 18 December 1879, Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland

Died: 29 June 1940, Muralto, Switzerland

Periods: Expressionism, Modern art, Cubism, Surrealism, Der Blaue Reiter, Bauhaus style

Children: Felix Klee, Felix Paul

  • Paul Klee was born in Switzerland. He was a German artist from Germany.
  • His distinct style was strongly influenced by the art movements, including cubism, Expressionism, and surrealism.
  • The artist and his friend, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, were teachers at The Bauhaus school of design, art, and architectural design in Germany.
  • His works reflect his witty humor and sometimes playful view, his views and moods, and his musicality.
  • He was barely able to pass his final exam during his “Gymnasium” of Bern, where he graduated in the Humanities.


6. Marianne von Werefkin

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 10 September 1860, Tula, Russia

Died: 6 February 1938, Ascona, Switzerland

Periods: Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter

Nationality: Russian, Swiss

Parents: Vladimir Veryovkin, Yelizaveta Werefkin

  • Marianne von Werefkin was a Russian artist who achieved amazing achievements for German Expressionism.
  • Her father was a member of Russian nobles whose ancestors were from Moscow.
  • He made it to the top of his Imperial Russian Army, becoming general and later the Peter and Paul Fortress commander in Saint Petersburg.
  • In the years following 1890, Werefkin changed her painting style and the technique of Plein-air painting, incorporating elements from Eastern European Impressionism.


7. Alexej von Jawlensky

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 25 March 1864, Torzhok, Russia

Died: 15 March 1941, Wiesbaden, Germany

Nationality: German, Russian

Spouse: Helene von Jawlensky (m. 1922–1941)

Children: Andreas Jawlensky

Parents: Georgi von Jawlensky, Alexandra Medwedewa

  • Alexej von Jawlensky was a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany.
  • At the age of ten, the family moved to Moscow.
  • His work during this time was vibrant and richly colored.
  • The year 1921 was the time that Alexej Von Jawlensky returned home to Germany and settled in Wiesbaden.
  • He passed away at Wiesbaden, Germany, on 15 March 1941.


8. Heinrich Campendonk

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 3 November 1889, Krefeld, Germany

Died: 9 May 1957, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Period: Der Blaue Reiter

  • Heinrich Campendonk was a graphic designer and painter born in Germany and naturally Dutch citizen.
  • Campendonk is a native of Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
  • The son was a merchant and was a part of as a teacher in the field of textiles from 1905.
  • He was a part of the Der Blaue Reiter group from 1911 until 1912.
  • He was a naturalized Dutchman on May 9th, 1957, in Amsterdam.


9. Arnold Schoenberg

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 13 September 1874, Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria

Died: 13 July 1951, Los Angeles, California, United States

Children: Ronald Schoenberg, Gertrud Greissle,

  • Arnold Schoenberg was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, painter, and writer.
  • He was part of an expressionist style of German art and poetry and was the leader of the Second Viennese school.
  • As Schoenberg was a Jewish musician, Schoenberg had been targeted by Schoenberg’s Nazi Party, which labeled his music degenerate and prohibited the publication of his work.
  • Schoenberg was well-known throughout his life for spreading Brahms and Wagner’s traditional German Romantic styles.
  • Schoenberg’s archived legacy is gathered in the Arnold Schonberg Center in Vienna.


10. Lyonel Feininger

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 17 July 1871, New York, New York, United States

Died: 13 January 1956, New York, New York, United States

Children: Andreas Feininger, T. Lux Feininger, Lore Feininger

Spouse: Julia Berg (m. 1908–1956), Clara Fürst (m. 1901–1907)

  • Lyonel Feininger was a painter from the United States of Germany and an influential proponent of Expressionism.
  • He also was a caricaturist as well as a cartoonist.
  • He was born and raised in New York City, traveling to Germany when he was 16 to learn and develop his art.
  • He began his career as a cartoonist in 1894. He was a huge success in this genre.
  • The composer was also a composer and pianist and composer, with various piano compositions and fugues for an organ still in existence.


11. Natalia Goncharova

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 3 July 1881, Chernsky Uyezd

Died: 17 October 1962, Paris, France

Nationality: French, Russian

Partner: Mikhail Larionov (1955–)

  • Natalia Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer.
  • She was the founder of Jack of Diamonds (1909-1911).
  • Born in Russia, She relocated to Paris in 1921 and stayed there until her demise.
  • Her art greatly affected the avant-garde movement in Russia.
  • Her immediate family was highly educated and considered to be politically liberal.


12. Albert Bloch

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 2 August 1882, St. Louis, Missouri, United States

Died: 23 March 1961, Lawrence, Kansas, United States

  • Albert Bloch was an American Modernist artist and the only American artist who was associated With the Der Blaue Reiter.
  • He began his studies in art at The St. Louis School of Fine Arts. Between 1901 and 2003, he created cartoons and comic strips for the St. Louis Star newspaper.
  • From 1909 to 1921, Bloch was a resident and worker primarily in Germany and was involved in the work of Der Blaue Reiter.
  • Albert Bloch had two sons, Bernard and Walter, with his first wife, Hortense. Bernard Bloch was a prominent American language expert.


13. David Burliuk

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 21 July 1882, Semyrotivschyna

Died: 15 January 1967, Long Island, New York, United States

On view: The Long Island Museum

Education: Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture

Nationality: American, Russian

  • David was a Ukrainian poet from Ukraine.
  • Burliuk is often referred to in the media as “the father of Russian Futurism.”
  • The Burliuk family is a part of the Ukrainian Cossacks on their father’s side, who held top posts within the Hetmanate.
  • Between 1898 and 1904, the artist attended the Kazan in the Kazan and Odessa art schools and his studies at the Royal Academy in Munich.
  • The year 1909 was the time Burliuk made a sketch of his future wife Marussia and a backdrop of rocks and flowers along the Crimean coast.


14. Elisabeth Epstein

Der Blaue Reiter artists

Born: 27 February 1879, Zhytomyr, Ukraine

Died: 22 January 1956, Geneva, Switzerland

  • Her family relocated to Moscow, and she then moved to Munich.
  • Her work was part of the very first Neue Kunstlervereinigung Munchen exhibition in 1911.

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