Top 23 De Stijl artists who changed its history

Early in the 20th century, the Netherlands saw the emergence of the De Stijl art movement. The movement aimed to establish a global visual language and was distinguished by its use of geometric shapes, basic colours, and a straightforward style.

Theo van Doesburg, Gerrit Rietveld, and Piet Mondrian are a few of the best-known De Stijl artists. These painters wanted to develop a brand-new genre of artwork that was centred on the fundamental components of form, colour, and line.

Straight lines and right angles are frequently employed to construct geometric shapes in De Stijl art, which is frequently distinguished by its usage of a grid-like framework. To establish a sense of harmony and balance, primary colours like red, yellow, and blue are frequently combined with black, white, and grey.

1. Piet Mondrian

De Stijl artists

Born: 7 March 1872, Amersfoort, Netherlands

Died: 1 February 1944, New York, New York, United States

Periods: Modern art, De Stijl, Cubism, Impressionism, Modernism, Expressionism, Abstract art

Full name: Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan

  • Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan was a Dutch artist and art theoretician who is widely regarded as one of the most important artists of the 20th century.
  • He is regarded as one of the first pioneers of abstract art in the 20th century,
  • Mondrian’s art was extremely idealistic and was centered around an attempt to find the universal value of aesthetics and values.
  • He was an active participant in The De Stijl art group and movement, which was co-founded by him and Theo van Doesburg.
  • He developed a non-representational style known as Neoclassicism.

 


2. Theo van Doesburg

De Stijl artists

Born: 30 August 1883, Utrecht, Netherlands

Died: 7 March 1931, Davos, Switzerland

Periods: De Stijl, Modern art, Dada, Concrete art

Spouse: Nelly van Doesburg (m. 1928–1931)

Parents: Henrietta Catherina Margadant, Wilhelm Küpper

  • Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist involved in poetry, painting, writing, and architecture.
  • He is most well-known as the director and founder of De Stijl.
  • His wife was the artist, choreographer and pianist Nelly van Doesburg.
  • After a brief time of instruction in acting or singing, he made the decision to be a storekeeper.
  • The first time he exhibited was in 1908. From 1912 He complemented his work by writing articles for magazines.
  • He relocated to Weimar in 1922. He decided to impress the Bauhaus leader, Walter Gropius, to expand his influence. Bauhaus movement.

 


3. Gerrit Rietveld

De Stijl artists

Born: 24 June 1888, Utrecht, Netherlands

Died: 25 June 1964, Utrecht, Netherlands

Spouse: Vrouwgien Hadders (m. 1911–1957)

Parents: Elisabeth van der Horst, Johannes Cornelis Rietveld

  • The late Gerrit Rietveld was one of the Dutch furniture designers and architects.
  • Rietveld was born in Utrecht on the 24th of June, 1888. He was the son of a joiner.
  • He quit school at the age of 11 to become an apprentice to his father. He enrolled in night school.
  • Rietveld invented the Red and Blue Chair in 1917, which is now an iconic piece of contemporary furniture.
  • He designed his house, the Rietveld Schroder House, in 1924 and worked closely with owner Truus Schroder-Schrader.

 

 


4. Bart van der Leck

De Stijl artists

Born: 26 November 1876, Utrecht, Netherlands

Died: 13 November 1958, Blaricum, Netherlands

  • Bart van der Leck was a Dutch artist, designer and ceramicist.
  • Together with Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian, he established The movement known as the De Stijl art movement.
  • The painting Triptych is a prime example where he transformed drawings of the mines in Spain into abstract forms.
  • The lodge for hunting was created by Hendrik Petrus Berlage.
  • Bart van der Leck claimed to be the founder of the avant-garde movement.

 


5. ijp oud

De Stijl artists

Born: 9 February 1890, Purmerend

Died: 5 April 1963, Wassenaar, Netherlands

Books: J.J.P. Oud: Poetic Functionalist, 1890-1963 : the Complete Works, Architecture diary 1996

  • Jacobus Oud was a Dutch architect from the Netherlands.
  • His fame started as a follower of the de Stijl movement.
  • Oud is a native of Purmerend as the son of a wine and tobacco merchant.
  • As a young architect, his influences were heavily influenced by Berlage, a student of Theodor Fischer in Munich, for some time.
  • Between 1918 in 1933, Oud was the Municipal Housing Architect of Rotterdam.

 


6. Vilmos Huszár

De Stijl artists

Born: 5 January 1884, Budapest, Hungary

Died: 8 September 1960, Harderwijk, Netherlands

Artworks: Composition, Baccarat Game, Composition with Female Figure, Liggende figuur, Veluws vrouwtje

  • Vilmos Huszar was a Hungarian designer and painter.
  • He was born in The Netherlands, where he was one of the founder participants of the movement called De Stijl.
  • He immigrated to The Netherlands in 1905, beginning his journey in Voorburg.
  • He was heavily influenced by Cubism along with Futurism.
  • He also met influential artists, including Piet Mondrian as well as Theo van Doesburg.

 


7. Cornelis van Eesteren

De Stijl artists

Born: 4 July 1897, Kinderdijk, Netherlands

Died: 21 February 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Structures: Museum house Van Eesteren

Books: Idea of the functional city

Parents: Balten van Eesteren

  • Cornelis Van Eesteren was a renowned Dutch urban planner and architect.
  • He was a part of his part in the De Stijl movement, with its founder Theo van Doesburg, the artist Piet Mondrian and many more.
  • From 1929 to 1959, he was employed by his Town Planning department of Amsterdam and then as a consultant.
  • After World War II, he was appointed professor of urban planning at the Delft University of Technology.

 


8. Georges Vantongerloo

De Stijl artists

Born: 24 November 1886, Antwerp, Belgium

Died: 5 October 1965, Paris, France

Education: Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Brussels

Organization founded: Abstraction-Création

  • Georges vantongerloo was a Belgian abstract sculptor, artist, and founder of the De Stijl group.
  • In 1916, he met Theo van Doesburg, and in the next year, he became co-signator for the initial declaration from The De Stijl group.
  • Bill’s widow, artist historian Angela Thomas Schmid, set the Max Bill Georges Vantongerloo Stiftung to preserve his legacy and that of the two artists.

 


9. Jan Wils

De Stijl artists

Born: 22 February 1891, Alkmaar, Netherlands

Died: 11 February 1972, Voorburg, Netherlands

Structures: Papaverhof, Olympic Stadium Amsterdam

  • Jan Wils was a Dutch architect from the Netherlands.
  • His place of birth was Alkmaar, and he passed away in Voorburg.
  • The artist’s design was also submitted to the Olympic art competition, which won him the gold medal.

 


10. Max Bill

De Stijl artists

Born: 22 December 1908, Winterthur, Switzerland

Died: 9 December 1994, Berlin, Germany

Structures: Théâtre Vidy-Lausanne

Awards: Praemium Imperiale, Goslar Kaiserring

Education: Bauhaus, Zurich University of the Arts

  • Max Bill was a Swiss artist, architect and painter
  • Bill was born during Winterthur.
  • After creating graphic designs to design a handful of modern buildings, he constructed his first piece of work home, his residence with a studio (1932-3) in Zurich-Hong.
  • His work is distinguished by the clarity of his form and precision of proportions.
  • As an artist and designer, Bill sought to create forms that visually represent his vision of the New Physics of the early 20th century.
  • He sought to design objects that would allow the new art in the field of design could be perceived by the senses, which is to say, as tangible art.

 


11. Antony Kok

De Stijl artists

Born: 18 April 1882

Died: 29 October 1969, Haarlem, Netherlands

  • Antony Kok was a Dutch poet and writer.
  • He was an experimenter in writing, particularly in the field of sound poetry. He also co-founded the ingenuous magazine De Stijl.
  • According to people who knew him, the man was an artist and patron not just of famous artists like Piet Mondrian but also artists from the region.
  • Kok was born. His father was a deputy Commissioner at the State Railways.
  • He was raised in Maasbree.

 


12. Robert van’t Hoff

De Stijl artists

Born: 5 November 1887, Rotterdam, Netherlands

Died: 25 April 1979, New Milton, United Kingdom

Structures: Villa Henny, Huis ter Heide

  • Robert van Hoff was a Dutch architect and furniture designer.
  • In 1917, he was a key participant in The De Stijl movement.
  • Van’t’s Hoff was born in Rotterdam, his father being an outstanding scientist, and he was raised in comfortable and sociable middle-class surroundings.
  • From 1911 until 1914, van ‘t Hoff attended The Architectural Association in London.
  • Van ‘t Hoff probably met De Stijl founder Theo van Doesburg sometime around mid-1917.

 


13. Cesar Domela

De Stijl artists

Born: 15 January 1900, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Died: 30 December 1992, Paris, France

Parents: Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis

  • Cesar Domela was a Dutch artist, sculptor, photographer, typographer, and sculptor.
  • He was born Cesar Domela Nieuwenhuis in Amsterdam.
  • The father of his son, Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, was an ex- Lutheran pastor and an influential anarcho-socialist participant in the Dutch parliament.
  • A self-taught artist, He lived from 1919 until 1923 in Ascona, Switzerland, developing his style of constructivism, heavily influenced by cubism.
  • He moved in 1923 to Berlin in 1923. There, he made friends with members of the prominent November Group.

 


14. Amedee Ozenfant

De Stijl artists

Born: 15 April 1886, Saint-Quentin, France

Died: 4 May 1966, Cannes, France

Education: Académie de La Palette

Awards: Legion of Honour

  • Amedee Ozenfant was a French cubist artist and writer.
  • Ozenfant is a wealthy family member living in Saint-Quentin, Aisne, and was educated in Dominican schools in Saint-Sebastien.
  • In 1905, he started his studies in the decorative arts in Paris and his instructors included Maurice Pillard Verneuil and later Charles Cottet.
  • He was introduced to the Swiss painter and architect Charles-Edouard Jeanneret in 1917.
  • He relocated to London in 1936. There, he established his Ozenfant Academy of Fine Arts in May and then moved to New York City two years later.

 


15. Jean Gorin

De Stijl artists

Born: 2 December 1899, Saint-Émilien-de-Blain, Blain, France

Died: 29 March 1981, Niort, France

Artworks: Relief spatio-temporel No. 42. Lozangique

Education: Académie de la Grande Chaumiere

  • Albert Jean Gorin was a Neoplastic French painter as well as a constructive sculpturer.
  • He was a pupil of Piet Mondrian and was in the spirit of rigid geometrics and the use of primary color.
  • He was famous for his reliefs in three dimensions.
  • His father was a shoemaker and his mother operated the hotel, which had an eatery.
  • Gorin could not get employment as a teacher.

 


16. Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart

De Stijl artists

Born: 17 November 1899, Osnabrück, Germany

Died: 19 December 1962, Ulm, Germany

  • Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart was a German Neo-plasticist painter.
  • He was among the first painters who worked in an abstraction style throughout his career.
  • In 1924, he was a member of his abstract artist collective Gruppe K in Hanover with Hans Nitzschke and joined Der Sturm in Berlin.
  • He was part of several other groups of artists.
  • A large portion of his work was taken away, and he was then forced to quit Germany to go to the Netherlands.

 


17. Charmion Von Wiegand

De Stijl artists

Died: 9 June 1983, New York, New York, United States

Artworks: Untitled, Sanctuary of the Four Directions, City Rhythm, The Sign of Keeping Still

Parents: Karl Henry von Wiegand

Periods: De Stijl, Neoplasticism

  • Charmion of Wiegand was an American journalist, abstract artist collector, writer, benefactor and art critic.
  • Von Wiegand was born in Chicago in 1896.
  • She attended Barnard College for a year before transferring to the Columbia University School of Journalism, where she pursued a degree in Journalism.
  • Von Wiegand started to paint in 1926.
  • She lived in Moscow, Russia, from 1929-1932.

 


18. Ilya Bolotowsky

De Stijl artists

Born: 1 July 1907, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Died: 22 November 1981, Lower East Side, New York, United States

Artworks: Large Blue Horizontal, Tondo Variation in Red, Black Abstraction, In the Barber Shop, Cobalt Circle

Partner: Esphyr Slobodkina (1933–)

Children: Andrew Bolotowsky

  • Ilya Bolotowsky was a renowned artist of the early 20th-century Russian-American painting in abstract styles from New York City.
  • He was a member of the National Academy of Design.
  • Bolotowsky took Mondrian’s vertical and horizontal geometric patterns style and a palette limited to neutrals and primary colors.
  • In the 1960s, he started creating three-dimensional shapes, typically straight and vertical.
  • The work of Bolotowsky was displayed at his University of New Mexico in 1970.

 


19. Marlow Moss

De Stijl artists

Born: 29 May 1889, Kilburn, United Kingdom

Died: 23 August 1958, Penzance, United Kingdom

Artworks: Composition in Black and White Number 4, White with Rope, Compositie in wit, blauw, geel en zwart

Education: Académie Moderne

  • Marlow Moss was an artist from the British Constructivist movement who was involved in sculpture and painting.
  • Moss was born on May 29, 1889, at Kilburn in London.
  • When they were children, music was their primary passion. However, the music lessons they were taking were cut off for a long time when they contracted tuberculosis.
  • Exhibitions of their work were organized by Erica Brausen in the Hanover Gallery in London in 1953 and 1958.
  • Moss died on August 23rd, 1958, in Penzance.

 


20. Burgoyne Diller

De Stijl artists

Died: 30 January 1965, Brooklyn, New York, United States

Artworks: Untitled, Second Theme, Third Theme

  • Burgoyne Diller was an American abstract painter.
  • The majority of his works are distinguished by orthogonal geometric patterns.
  • In general, the overall impression of his Geometric Abstraction and Non-Objective Style owes a lot to his studies together with Hans Hofmann at the Art Students League of New York.
  • He was a founder member of the American Abstract Artists.
  • He also created representational and figurative work early in his career as a muralist with the New York City Federal Arts Project.

 


21. Joseph Csaky

De Stijl artists

Born: 18 March 1888, Szeged, Hungary

Died: 1 May 1971, Paris, France

Books: Joseph Csáky: A Pioneer of Modern Sculpture

  • Joseph Csaky was a Hungarian avant-garde artist, sculptor also a graphic artist.
  • Csaky was among the first sculptors from Paris to incorporate the concepts of pictorial Cubism into his work.
  • In the year 1928, Csaky left Cubism and shifted to more of a representational or figurative style for the next 30 years.
  • He was a prominent European artist; however, some of his groundbreaking art-making innovations were lost.

 


22. Walter Bosshard

De Stijl artists

Born: 8 November 1892, Samstagern, Switzerland

Died: 18 November 1975, Ronda, Spain

Books: India in Gandhi’s time

Period: De Stijl

  • Walter Bosshard was a Swiss photographer and journalist.
  • He helped shape the look of illustrated magazines.
  • The first photo reportage he did was based on the photos taken during that period.
  • His exotic photos from far-off nations were sought-after, and he also received commissions from different magazines.
  • In 1929, Mohammed Nadir crowned the new King of Afghanistan.

 


23. Felrath Hines

De Stijl artists

Born: 9 November 1913, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States

Died: 3 October 1993, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States

Artworks: Red Stripe with Green Background, Hanging Garden, Abstract Landscape, Traditional Forms, Untitled

Period: De Stijl

  • Felrath Hines was an African American visual artist and art conservator.
  • After graduating from high class in 1931, Hines was employed by his employer, the Civilian Conservation Corps, and later as a dining driver for Chicago Northwestern Railroad. Chicago Northwestern Railroad.
  • He was born in 1945 and started his formal art studies at Chicago’s Art Institute of Chicago.
  • Spiral was a loosely organized Black artists’ group.

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