Top 25 Cubism artists who changed its history

The art movement known as cubism, which first appeared in the early 20th century, is distinguished by its bold use of geometric shapes and various points of view to reflect the world. By concentrating on the formal aspects of the composition, cubist artists aimed to question conventional notions of art and representation.

Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, two of the most well-known Cubist painters, created the movement in the early 1900s. These artists aimed to produce recognisable yet abstract works, as they were interested in examining the link between form and space.

The use of geometric forms and angular lines, as well as a fragmented approach to composition, are frequently characteristics of cubist art. The movement paved the way for other contemporary art movements since it marked a fundamental shift from the representational art that had dominated Western art for millennia.

1. Pablo Picasso

Cubism artists

Born: 25 October 1881, Málaga, Spain

Died: 8 April 1973, Mougins, France

Periods: Cubism, Surrealism, Modern art, Picasso’s Blue Period

  • Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish artist, sculptor, painter artist, printmaker, ceramicist, and theatre designer.
  • He is famous for his role in being the co-founder of The Cubist movement, which was the first to develop the concept of the constructed sculpture.
  • Picasso displayed extraordinary artistic talent during his early years and painted with a naturalistic style through his childhood and adolescence.
  • In the years following 1906 after 1906, the Fauvist work of somewhat older painter Henri Matisse motivated Picasso to investigate more radical designs.
  • Picasso’s work is usually classified in terms of periods.

 


2. Georges Braque

Cubism artists

Born: 13 May 1882, Argenteuil, France

Died: 31 August 1963, Paris, France

Influenced by: Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Cézanne, André Derain, Paul Gauguin

Periods: Cubism, Modern art, Fauvism, Analytical Cubism

  • Georges Braque was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, artist, printmaker, and sculptor.
  • His most significant contributions were in his collaboration with Fauvism in 1905 and his role in the evolution of Cubism.
  • He was raised at Le Havre and trained to become a painter of houses and decorator, just like his grandfather and father.
  • He also studied painting in the evenings.
  • In Paris where he was an apprentice with a decorator. He received his certification in 1902.

 


3. Salvador Dalí

Cubism artists

Born: 11 May 1904, Figueres, Spain

Died: 23 January 1989, Figueres, Spain

Periods: Surrealism, Cubism, Modern art, Dada

Spouse: Gala Dalí (m. 1934–1982)

  • Salvador Dali was a Spanish surrealist artist from Spain.
  • The city of his birth is Figueres, Catalonia, Spain. Dali received his formal training in fine arts in Madrid.
  • He also wrote poetry, fiction, autobiography, and critical essays.
  • His support of the Francoist regime in his commercial activities and the authenticity and quality of his last work have also caused controversy.
  • His work and life influenced the work of other Surrealists, Pop art, Surrealists and contemporary artists like Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst.

 


4. Paul Cézanne

Cubism artists

Born: 19 January 1839, Aix-en-Provence, France

Died: 22 October 1906, Aix-en-Provence, France

Periods: Impressionism, Cubism, Post-Impressionism, Modern art

  • Paul Cezanne was a French artist as well as a Post-Impressionist painter.
  • Cezanne is believed to have been the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and the beginning of the 20th century’s newest art-related inquiry, Cubism.
  • He renounced the use of perspective, departed from the guidelines in Academic Art, and strived for the revival of traditional design practices on the basis of expressive color spaces and the principles of color modulation.
  • He made use of color planes and tiny brushstrokes to create complex fields.
  • The paintings show Cezanne’s meticulous investigation of his subjects.

 


5. Piet Mondrian

Cubism artists

Born: 7 March 1872, Amersfoort, Netherlands

Died: 1 February 1944, New York, New York, United States

Periods: Modern art, De Stijl, Cubism, Expressionism, Impressionism, Modernism, Abstract art

Full name: Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan

  • Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan was a Dutch artist and art theoretician.
  • He is recognized as one of the early pioneers of abstract art in the 20th century.
  • Mondrian’s art was extremely idealistic and was centered around the search for aesthetics and values universally applicable to all.
  • He was an active participant in The De Stijl art movement and group that was founded by him and Theo van Doesburg.
  • Mondrian’s art had a massive influence on 20th-century art that influenced not only the direction of abstract painting but also a variety of major art styles and movements.

 


6. Juan Gris

Cubism artists

Born: 23 March 1887, Madrid, Spain

Died: 11 May 1927, Boulogne-Billancourt, France

Nationality: Spanish

Spouse: Josette Gris (m. ?–1927)

Children: Georges Gris

Parents: Isabel Pérez, Gregorio González

  • Jose Victoriano Gonzalez-Perez was a Spanish painter from Madrid who worked and lived in France for the majority of his time of active work.
  • Gris is a native of Madrid and later went on to study Engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Sciences.
  • It was 1905 when Jose Victoriano Gonzalez adopted the more distinct brand name, Juan Gris.
  • In 1906, having sold everything he owned, the artist relocated to Paris and began to make close to the writers Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, and the artist Henri Matisse.
  • Gris’s work from late 1916 to 1917 shows an increased simplicity of geometric structures.

 


7. Frida Kahlo

Cubism artists

Born: 6 July 1907, Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico

Died: 13 July 1954, Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico

Spouse: Diego Rivera (m. 1940–1954), Diego Rivera (m. 1929–1939)

Siblings: Cristina Kahlo, Maria Luisa Kahlo Cardena, MORE

Periods: Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Magical Realism, Symbolism

  • Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter from Mexico.
  • Influenced by the popular Mexican culture and awe-inspiring, she used a simplistic folk art style to address the notions of postcolonialism, identity, gender class, race, and class and race in Mexican society.
  • Her work often contained strong autobiographical aspects and incorporated realism with fantasy.
  • She is famous for her paintings about her experiences with chronic pain.
  • Kahlo’s interest in art and politics made her a part of her the Mexican Communist Party in 1927.

 


8. Marcel Duchamp

Cubism artists

Born: 28 July 1887, Blainville-Crevon, France

Died: 2 October 1968, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

Periods: Dada, Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Conceptual art, Section d’Or

Spouse: Alexina Duchamp (m. 1954–1968), Lydie Sarazin-Levassor (m. 1927–1928)

  • Marcel Duchamp was a French painter, sculptor and writer, and chess player.
  • Marcel Duchamp was born at Blainville-Crevon, Normandy, France.
  • At the age of eight, Duchamp followed in his brothers following their footsteps as Duchamp left home and started his education.
  • He was taught drawing in an academic setting by a teacher who tried unsuccessfully to “protect” his students from Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and other avant-garde influences.
  • At 14, his first real art endeavors included watercolors and drawings depicting Suzanne, his younger sister. Suzanne in different poses and doing activities.

 


9. Diego Rivera

Cubism artists

Born: 8 December 1886, Guanajuato, Mexico

Died: 24 November 1957, Mexico City, Mexico

Spouse: Emma Hurtado (m. 1955–1957)

Periods: Mexican muralism, Cubism, Modern art, Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Social realism

  • Diego Rivera was a prominent Mexican painter.
  • He had a third spouse, his fellow Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. They were a turbulent relationship that lasted until her death.
  • In recognition of his role in the history of Mexican art, The Government of Mexico declared the works of Rivera as historical monuments.
  • He was a twin to Carlos and died two years later, two years after they were born.
  • Rivera began to draw at three years old, one year after the death of his twin brother.

 


10. Romero Britto

Cubism artists

Born: 6 October 1963 (age 58 years), Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

Periods: Pop art, Cubism

Children: Brendan Britto

Spouse: Cheryl Britto (m. 1988)

  • Romero Britto is a Brazilian artist and serigrapher, painter, and sculptor.
  • He blends cubism elements pop art, pop art, as well as graffiti art into his work.
  • At the age of 14, Romero Britto realized that his passion was creating art. He loved creating art and expressing himself through it.
  • His inherent creativity allowed Britto to create images of a larger and more beautiful universe beyond his own, even at a young age.
  • Britto began selling his art to make money so that he could continue doing what he loved.

 


11. Fernand Léger

Cubism artists

Born: 4 February 1881, Argentan, France

Died: 17 August 1955, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

Influenced by: Pablo Picasso, Henri Rousseau, Sara Murphy

  • Fernand Leger is a French artist, sculptor, and filmmaker.
  • His daringly simple treatment of contemporary subjects has led him to be considered an early proponent of pop art.
  • In 1902-1903, he was enrolled in The School of Decorative Arts.
  • He started to work seriously as a painter just when he was 25 years old.
  • Being a fan of the contemporary, Leger was greatly attracted to the cinema and, at one point, thought about quitting painting in favor of filmmaking.

 


12. Kazimir Malevich

Cubism artists

Born: 23 February 1879, Kyiv, Ukraine

Died: 15 May 1935, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Periods: Suprematism, Cubism, Geometric abstraction

Spouse: Natalia Manchenko (m. 1927–1935), Sofia Rafalovich (m. 1909–1923), Kazimira Zgleits (m. 1902–1909)

  • Kazimir Malevich was a Russian contemporary artist as well as a theorist of art.
  • The child was born in Kiev as a member of an ethnic Polish family. His notion of Suprematism was to create an expression.
  • In the beginning, Malevich worked in a diverse range of styles. He quickly adapted the movements that were a part of Impressionism, Symbolism and Fauvism and following his visit to Paris in 1912, and he embraced Cubism.
  • However, his work and writing profoundly influenced contemporary writers like El Lissitzky, Lyubov Popova, and Alexander Rodchenko.
  • Kazimir Malevich was born Kazimierz Malewicz to a Polish family.

 


13. María Blanchard

Cubism artists

Born: 6 March 1881, Santander, Spain

Died: 5 April 1932, Paris, France

Education: Académie Vitti, San Fernando Fine Art Royal Academy

Place of burial: Cimetière de Bagneux, Bagneux, France

Period: Cubism

  • Maria Blanchard was a Spanish painter from Spain.
  • She was famous for the creation of her own unique aesthetic of Cubism.
  • Blanchard was born on the 6th of March, 1881. He was born in Santander, Spain.
  • She was born with a number of physical imperfections, among them the spine being deformed.
  • In 1903 she relocated to Madrid.

 


14. Marc Chagall

Cubism artists

Born: 7 July 1887, Liozna, Belarus

Died: 28 March 1985, Saint Paul de Vence, France

Siblings: David Chagall, Maryasya Chagall, Anna Chagall, MORE

Periods: Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Expressionism, Modernism, Fauvism, Symbolism

  • Marc Chagall was a Russian-French artist.
  • The artist was associated with various important artistic styles and produced pieces in various artistic styles, such as drawings, paintings, etc.
  • Born in modern-day Belarus, which was then an integral part of the Russian Empire, he was of Belarusian Jewish origin.
  • The art criticism Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as “the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century.”
  • Also, he painted large-scale pieces that included parts from the ceiling at the Paris Opera.

 


15. David Hockney

Cubism artists

Born: 9 July 1937 (age 85 years), Bradford, United Kingdom

Parents: Kenneth Hockney, Laura Hockney

Nationality: British

Awards: Shakespeare Prize, Independent Publisher Book Award for Fine Art

Periods: Pop art, Modern art, Cubism

  • David Hockney is an English artist, draftsman, painter, stage designer and photographer.
  • A major artist and contributor to popular art movements of the 1960s are widely regarded as one of the top British artists of the 20th century.
  • David Hockney was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England.
  • He attended Wellington Primary School and Bradford Grammar School.
  • He was a part of the movement. However, his early work displays expressive elements, like certain works by Francis Bacon.

 


16. Paul Klee

Cubism artists

Born: 18 December 1879, Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland

Died: 29 June 1940, Muralto, Switzerland

Periods: Expressionism, Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Der Blaue Reiter, Bauhaus style

Children: Felix Klee, Felix Paul

  • Paul Klee was a Swiss-born German artist who was born in Germany.
  • His colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky was a professor at The Bauhaus school of design, art, and architectural design in Germany.
  • His works reflect his humorous and sometimes childish perspective of his moods, personal feelings and convictions, and musicality.
  • Paul Klee was born in Munchenbuchsee, Switzerland.
  • He was so gifted on the violin that at the age of 11 years old, he was given an invitation to be an exceptional part of Bern’s Music Association. Bern Music Association.

 


17. Jean Metzinger

Cubism artists

Born: 24 June 1883, Nantes, France

Died: 3 November 1956, Paris, France

Education: Académie de La Palette, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Lycée Clemenceau

Periods: Cubism, Fauvism, Section d’Or, Neo-Impressionism, Divisionism

  • Jean Metzinger was a major 20th-century French artist, philosopher, writer, critic, and poet.
  • Between 1904 and 1907, Metzinger was a part of between 1904 and 1907, working in the Divisionist in the Divisionist and Fauvist styles, which had a strong Cezannian element, which led to some of the earliest work that was a proto-Cubist style.
  • In 1908 Metzinger tried out the reversal of form, an approach that would later be referred to as Cubism.
  • His first involvement with Cubism was a sign of his status as an influential artist as well as an influential theorist of the movement.
  • During the First World War, Metzinger furthered his status as a leader Cubist by co-founding the second stage of the movement, known as Crystal Cubism.

 


18. Robert Delaunay

Cubism artists

Born: 12 April 1885, Paris, France

Died: 25 October 1941, Montpellier, France

Periods: Cubism, Modern art, Orphism, Neo-Impressionism, Divisionism, Abstract art

Spouse: Sonia Delaunay (m. 1910–1941)

Children: Charles Delaunay

  • Robert Delaunay was a French artist who, along with Sonia Delaunay, his spouse Sonia Delaunay and others, founded the Orphism art movement.
  • His later work was more abstract.
  • His main influence is attributed to the striking use of color and a sincere love for exploring the tone and depth.
  • He believes painting is purely visual art based on intellectual components.
  • His early works are heavily influenced by Neo-impressionism.

 


19. Franz Marc

Cubism artists

Born: 8 February 1880, Munich, Germany

Died: 4 March 1916, Braquis, France

Periods: Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, Modern art, Cubism

Spouse: Maria Marc (m. 1913–1916)

Siblings: Paul Marc

Parents: Wilhelm Marc, Sophie Marc

  • Franz Marc was a German artist and printmaker. He was one of the major people that shaped German Expressionism.
  • His more mature work mainly depicts animals and is renowned for their bright coloration.
  • In the 1930s, Nazis declared him a degenerate artist as part of their campaign to eliminate contemporary art.
  • In the midst of World War I in 1914, Marc was drafted into the Imperial German Army as a cavalryman.
  • His method of hiding artillery from observation from the air was to draw canvas covers with a broad pointillist style.

 


20. Emilio Pettoruti

Cubism artists

Born: 1 October 1892, La Plata, Argentina

Died: 16 October 1971, Paris, France

Periods: Cubism, Futurism, Modernism, Constructivism, Geometric abstraction

Education: Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP)

Parents: Carolina Casaburi, José Pettoruti

  • Emilio Pettoruti was an Argentine painter who caused controversy with his avant-garde cubist show at the end of 1924 Buenos Aires.
  • In the early 20th century Buenos Aires was a city that was flush with artistic growth.
  • Emilio Pettoruti was born in La Plata on October 1st, 1892, to a wealthy middle-class Italian family.
  • He was granted an opportunity to travel to Italy and began studying Renaissance artists in Florence.
  • He also formed a close relationship with the Peruvian poet Jose Carlos Mariategui which extended into a lengthy relationship.

 


21. Francis Bacon

Cubism artists

Born: 28 October 1909, Dublin, Ireland

Died: 28 April 1992, Madrid, Spain

Periods: Expressionism, Surrealism, Cubism

Nationality: British, Irish

Siblings: Ianthe Bacon, Harley Bacon, Winifred Bacon

  • Francis Bacon was an Irish-born British [1Bacon was an Irish-born British artist who was known for his stark, disturbing images.
  • He gained a reputation for himself as one of the greats of modern art thanks to his distinctive style.
  • His output could be described as variations or sequences of single themes.
  • He claimed that his art career was slowed because he was too long searching for topics that could keep his interest.
  • Despite his existentialist and dark perspective, Bacon was charismatic, knowledgeable, and knowledgeable.

 


22. Emiliano Di Cavalcanti

Cubism artists

Born: 6 September 1897, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Died: 26 October 1976, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Spouse: Noêmia Mourão (m. 1933–1950)

Parents: Frederico Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque e Melo, Rosalia de Sena

  • Emiliano Di Cavalcanti was a Brazilian painter from Brazil.
  • His wife was a painter Noemia Mourao who was the inspiration behind his paintings during the latter 1930s.
  • Di Cavalcanti was a resident of Paris and Montparnasse from 1923 to 1925.
  • In 1929, the designer Di Cavalcanti began to work on interior design, as evident in two panels he designed to be used in the Teatro Joao Caetano in Rio de Janeiro.
  • The group aimed to introduce modernism into Brazilian art, follow Semana de Arte’s footsteps and encourage the revival of its concepts.

 


23. Marie Laurencin

Cubism artists

Born: 31 October 1883, Paris, France

Died: 8 June 1956, Paris, France

Artworks: Self-Portrait, MORE

Education: Académie de La Palette, Lycée Lamartine

Place of burial: Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France

  • Marie Laurencin was a French artist and printmaker.
  • At the beginning of the twenty-first century, Laurencin was a prominent persona within early 20th century Parisian avant-garde.
  • She was romantically linked to poet Guillaume Apollinaire and has often been referred to as his muse.
  • The couple then stayed together for a short time in Dusseldorf.
  • Laurencin’s talents as an artist are displayed in galleries around the globe.

 


24. Albert Gleizes

Cubism artists

Born: 8 December 1881, Paris, France

Died: 23 June 1953, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France

Partner: Juliette Roche

  • Albert Gleizes was a French philosopher, artist, theoretician and self-proclaimed founder of Cubism and a major influence on his School of Paris.
  • Also, he was a part of the group The Sturm and his many theories were initially valued in Germany.
  • Gleizes was a key figure for four periods during her time in New York and played significant roles in making America conscious of modern art.
  • The son was a cloth designer who managed a large manufacturing design studio.

 


25. Francis Picabia

Cubism artists

Born: 22 January 1879, Paris, France

Died: 30 November 1953, Paris, France

Periods: Dada, Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Section d’Or

Influenced by: Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse

  • Francis Picabia was a French avant-garde artist, poet, and typographist.
  • He was among the first prominent people in Dada. Dada Movement in both France and the United States.
  • He was later briefly linked to Surrealism However. He would eventually quit his art community.
  • Francis Picabia was born in Paris to his French mother and a Cuban father of Spanish descent.
  • At the beginning of his career, between 1903 and 1908, Picabia was inspired by the Impressionist painting by Alfred Sisley.

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