Top 25 Bauhaus artists who changed its history

From 1919 to 1933, the German art and design school known as the Bauhaus was open for business.  Walter Gropius, an architect, founded the institution because he thought that technology, business, and the arts should coexist.

The Bauhaus curriculum placed a strong emphasis on the value of craft and technical proficiency, and students received training in a variety of fields, including furniture design, painting, sculpture, and architecture. The school also put a lot of focus on simplicity and functionality, and the designs there frequently featured simple, geometric shapes and clear lines.

Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Marcel Breuer are a few of the best-known Bauhaus creators. These artists created works that were both beautiful and practical by utilising a variety of materials, such as glass, metal, canvas, and paint.

1. Walter Gropius

Bauhaus artists

Born: 18 May 1883, Berlin, Germany

Died: 5 July 1969, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Business partners: Marcel Breuer, Georg Muche, Emery Roth, Pietro Belluschi, Richard E. Schmidt, H Morse Payne Jr

  • Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was an architect from the United States of America and was the creator of the Bauhaus School.
  • He is the creator of the Bauhaus in Weimar (1919).
  • Gropius is also known as a renowned architectural designer in The International Style.
  • Manon died at age 18. Manon passed away from polio. She was age 18.
  • Gropius and Mahler got divorced in 1920.

 


2. Josef Albers

Bauhaus artists

Born: 19 March 1888, Bottrop, Germany

Died: 25 March 1976, New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Periods: Hard-edge painting, Constructivism, Expressionism, Abstract art, Geometric abstraction, Modern art

Education: Bauhaus

  • Josef Albers was a German-born artist and teacher.
  • He is most famous in his role as an abstract painter as well as a theorist. The book he wrote “Interactions of Color” was released in 1963.
  • He was employed from 1908 until 1913 as a school teacher in his hometown.
  • The early years of his life were filled with practical instruction in the art of engraving glass, plumbing and wiring.
  • Its work at Dessau included the design of furniture and making use of glass.

 


3. Wassily Kandinsky

Bauhaus artists

Born: 16 December 1866, Moscow, Russia

Died: 13 December 1944, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

Periods: Abstract art, Expressionism, Post-Impressionism

Place of burial: Neuilly-sur-Seine community cemetery, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

  • Wassily is a Russian artist and art theorist.
  • Born in Moscow, He was raised in Odessa and graduated from the Grekov Odessa Art school.
  • He was enrolled at Moscow’s University of Moscow, studying economics and law.
  • He was a teacher in his classes at The Bauhaus school of architecture and art from 1922 until the Nazis shut it down in 1933.
  • He was a student in a variety of fields at school, including economics and law. Later, the man would remember being captivated and intrigued by colour when he was a kid.

 


4. Anni Albers

Bauhaus artists

Born: 12 June 1899, Berlin, Germany

Died: 9 May 1994, Orange, Connecticut, United States

Period: Abstract art

Education: Bauhaus

  • Anni Albers was a German printmaker and textile artist who is credited for blurring the boundaries between art and traditional craft.
  • Anni Albers was born Annelise Elsa Frieda Fleischmann on June 12, 1899, in Berlin, Germany.
  • In her early years, she was fascinated by art and the world of visuals.
  • The Bauhaus located in Dessau was shut down in 1932 under pressure from the Nazi party. It was then moved temporarily to Berlin and then closed permanently one year later in the month of August.
  • Following her departure from Black Mountain in 1949, Albers made the move along with her spouse to Connecticut and established a studio in her house.

 


5. Marcel Breuer

Bauhaus artists

Born: 21 May 1902, Pécs, Hungary

Died: 1 July 1981, New York, New York, United States

Periods: Bauhaus style, Modernism

  • Marcel Lajos Breuer was a Hungarian modernist architect also a furniture designer.
  • Breuer expanded the vocabulary of sculpture in his work in his carpentry workshop.
  • His projects include libraries, art museums and college buildings, office buildings, as well as residences.
  • He is considered to be one of the most influential pioneers of contemporary furniture design and one of the most influential people who have embraced his International Style.
  • Marcel Breuer left his hometown at the age of 18 to seek higher education in art.

 


6. Paul Klee

Bauhaus artists

Born: 18 December 1879, Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland

Died: 29 June 1940, Muralto, Switzerland

Periods: Expressionism, Abstract art, Surrealism, Modern art

Place of burial: Schosshalden cemetery, Bern, Switzerland

  • Paul Klee was a Swiss-born German artist who was born in Germany.
  • His distinct style was inspired by art movements that included expressionism, cubism and surrealism.
  • His colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky both taught in The Bauhaus school of design, art and architectural design in Germany.
  • His work reflects his witty humour and sometimes childish viewpoint, his individual views and moods, and his ability to play music.
  • Paul Klee was born in Munchenbuchsee, Switzerland, as the second child of German music teacher Hans Wilhelm Klee.

 


7. László Moholy-Nagy

Bauhaus artists

Born: 20 July 1895, Bácsborsód, Hungary

Died: 24 November 1946, Chicago, Illinois, United States

Periods: Dada, Constructivism, Expressionism, Good Design, Bauhaus style, Modern art

Place of burial: Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois, United States

  • Laszlo Moholy-Nagy is a Hungarian artist and photographer and also a professor at the Bauhaus school.
  • He was greatly inspired by constructivism and was an avid advocate for the incorporation of technology and industry within the realm of the arts.
  • He also collaborated with artists like the first lady he married, Lucia Moholy, Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, and Herbert Bayer.
  • He also wrote articles and books in support of a romantic style of modernism that was high-end.
  • In 1915, during World War I, he was enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian Army in the artillery department.

 


8. Marianne Brandt

Bauhaus artists

Born: 1 October 1893, Chemnitz, Germany

Died: 18 June 1983, Kirchberg, Germany

Nationality: German

Spouse: Erik Brandt (m. 1919–1935)

Known for: industrial design, painting, sculpture, photography

  • Marianne Brandt was a German artist, sculptor, photographer, metalsmith and designer.
  • She also made photomontages.
  • Brandt was born to a prominent family in Chemnitz as Marianne Love.
  • In 1919, she got married to her husband, the Norwegian artist Erik Brandt, with whom she travelled in Norway in both Norway and France.
  • In 1933, prior to the start of the Nazi phase during Nazi Germany, Brandt first attempted to find work outside the country.

 


9. Oskar Schlemmer

Bauhaus artists

Born: 4 September 1888, Stuttgart, Germany

Died: 13 April 1943, Baden-Baden, Germany

Nationality: German

Periods: Modernism, Bauhaus style, Modern art

Place of burial: Waldfriedhof Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

  • Oskar Schlemmer was a German artist-designer, sculptor, designer, and choreographer who was a part of the Bauhaus school.
  • The year 1923 was the time he was appointed as Master of Form for the Bauhaus theatre workshop after having worked in the sculpture workshop.
  • By 1903, he was fully self-sufficient and working through an apprenticeship in the inlay workshops.
  • In 1919, Schlemmer changed his focus to sculpture and exhibited his work in his Gallery Der Sturm in Berlin.
  • Following his wedding with Helena Tutein in 1920, Schlemmer was invited to Weimar by Walter Gropius to run the department of sculpture and murals.

 


10. Gunta Stölzl

Bauhaus artists

Born: 5 March 1897, Munich, Germany

Died: 22 April 1983, Zürich, Switzerland

Artworks: BAUHAUS ARCHIVE, Textile design, o. T. (Laeufer), o. T. (Rote Krawatte), o. T. (Bettdecke)

Books: Gunta Stölzl: Bauhaus Master

Education: Bauhaus, Kunstgewerbeschule

  • Gunta Stolzl is a German textile artist who played an integral part in the creation of the Bauhaus weaving workshop of the school.
  • She was accepted into the Bauhaus as an undergraduate in 1919. She became a junior master in 1927.
  • Her dismissal was based on motives of politics in the year 1931. This was a year before the Bauhaus was shut down under pressure from the Nazis.
  • She was a mentor for students as well as opened one of the Bauhaus dye studios in 1921.
  • The Bauhaus weaving workshop was transformed into one of the most successful establishments under her leadership.

 


11. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Bauhaus artists

Born: 27 March 1886, Aachen, Germany

Died: 17 August 1969, Chicago, Illinois, United States

Business partners: Philip Johnson, Lilly Reich, Francine Houben, MORE

Organization founded: Illinois Institute of Technology

Influenced by: Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Peter Behrens

  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect.
  • He was often known as Mies or his surname.
  • The style he designed stood out with the clarity and clarity of its design.
  • Mies was born on March 27 1886, at Aachen, Germany.
  • He was employed by his father’s stone carving workshop.

 


12. Lyonel Feininger

Bauhaus artists

Born: 17 July 1871, New York, New York, United States

Died: 13 January 1956, New York, New York, United States

Full name: Lyonel Charles Feininger

Periods: Cubism, Expressionism, Naïve art, Modern art, Der Blaue Reiter

  • Lyonel Charles Feininger, a painter from Germany.
  • He began his career as a cartoonist in 1894. He was a huge success in this genre.
  • He also worked as an artist for commercial caricaturists for over 20 years for newspapers and magazines in the USA as well as Germany.
  • When he was 36 years old, the artist began working as a fine artist at the age of 36.
  • The composer was also a composer and pianist and composer, with a variety of piano compositions and fugues for an organ that is still in existence.

 


13. Alma Siedhoff-Buscher

Bauhaus artists

Born: 4 January 1899, Kreuztal, Germany

Died: 25 September 1944, Germany

Spouse: Werner Siedhoff (m. 1926–1944)

Books: Alam Siedhoff-Buscher: Crane (Cut Out Kit)

Education: Bauhaus, Reimann School

  • Alma Siedhoff Buscher was German designer from Germany.
  • Alma Buscher was born on 4 January 1899 in Kreuztal in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
  • She was then accepted to the Weaving Workshop; however, in 1923, with assistance from Georg Muche and Josef Hartwig, she shifted into the Wood Sculpture Workshop.
  • Siedhoff-Buscher was killed during the course of a World War II air raid in Buchschlag.

 


14. Gertrud Arndt

Bauhaus artists

Born: 20 September 1903, Raciborz, Poland

Died: 10 July 2000, Darmstadt, Germany

Partner: Alfred Arndt (1927–)

Education: Bauhaus, Kunstgewerbeschule

  • Gertrud Arndt was a German photojournalist and artist who was associated with her work in the Bauhaus movement.
  • The artist is famous for her early series of self-portraits she took in about 1930.
  • Her interest in photography began when she worked in an office for architecture in Erfurt.
  • Arndt originally hoped to study architecture. However, she was dissatisfied with being the only female student on the construction course.
  • In January 2013, The Bauhaus Museum of Design in Berlin held an exhibit of Gertrud Arndt’s photos and textiles.

 


15. Johannes Itten

Bauhaus artists

Born: 11 November 1888, Wachseldorn, Switzerland

Died: 25 March 1967, Zürich, Switzerland

Nationality: Swiss

Periods: Abstract art, Expressionism, Cubism, Naïve art

Awards: Sikkens Prize

  • Johannes Itten was a Swiss artist as well as designer, teacher as well as theorist and writer who was a part of the Bauhaus.
  • His birthplace was Sudern-Linden, Switzerland.
  • In 1908, he began teaching using the methods of the person who invented the concept of kindergarten.
  • In 1919, he invited Gertrud Grunow to instruct a class in”Theory of Harmony “theory of harmony” at the Bauhaus.

 


16. Xanti Schawinsky

Bauhaus artists

Born: 26 March 1904, Basel, Switzerland

Died: 11 September 1979, Locarno, Switzerland

Education: Bauhaus

Books: Xanti Schawinsky: The Album, Xanti Schawinsky Foto

  • Xanti Schawinsky was a Swiss painter, photographer, and theatre designer.
  • He was a student at the architectural bureau under Theodor Merill in Cologne until 1923.
  • In the stage department headed by Oskar Schlemmer Schawinsky, he developed pantomimes and skits. He also developed his first stage play.
  • Between 1926 and 1927, He designed stage sets in Zwickau and taught as his assistant in the field of stage designs at Bauhaus.

 


17. Joost Schmidt

Bauhaus artists

Born: 5 January 1893, Wunstorf, Germany

Died: 2 December 1948, Nuremberg, Germany

Partner: Helene Nonné-Schmidt

Education: Bauhaus

  • Joost Schmidt Joost Schmidt was a German Typographer, master or teacher at the Bauhaus and later was a professor at the College of Visual Arts, Berlin.
  • He was a soldier and was briefly imprisoned during the war before returning to his job in Germany in 1918.
  • He was a pioneering typographer and graphic designer most famous for his popular poster created for 1923’s Bauhaus Exhibition in Weimar, Germany.

 


18. Margarete Heymann

Bauhaus artists

Born: 10 August 1899, Cologne, Germany

Died: 11 November 1990, London, United Kingdom

Partner: Harold Marks

Education: Bauhaus

  • Margarete Heymann was a German ceramic artist with Jewish heritage and a Bauhaus student.
  • She relocated to Britain in 1936 and continued her work. She became the world’s most famous person in the role of “Greta Pottery”.
  • Her most acclaimed work is believed to come from her working time in Germany.
  • Heymann was born in 1899.
  • She was educated at her school, the Cologne School of Arts and at the Dusseldorf Academy.

 


19. Erich Dieckmann

Bauhaus artists

Born: 1896, Kurzętnik, Poland

Died: 1944, Berlin, Germany

Partner: Katharina Dieckmann

Education: Bauhaus

 


20. Benita Koch-Otte

Bauhaus artists

Born: 23 May 1892, Stuttgart, Germany

Died: 26 April 1976, Bielefeld, Germany

Education: Bauhaus

  • Benita Koch-Otte was a German weaver and designer of textiles who was educated in the Bauhaus.
  • Benita Otte was born on May 23 1892, in Stuttgart, Germany. Otte’s father was a chemical engineer.
  • After having attended Lyceum at Krefeld, Otte taught drawing and physical education in Uerdingen.
  • She was born in 1920 and was enrolled in the Bauhaus in Weimar, where she took classes in the weaving workshop of the studio.

 


21. Otti Berger

Bauhaus artists

Born: 4 October 1898, Zmajevac, Croatia

Died: 1944, Auschwitz concentration camp, Oświęcim, Poland

Education: Bauhaus, Academy of Fine Arts

  • Otti Berger was a weaver and textile artist.
  • Her time was spent as a pupil and later as an instructor of the Bauhaus. She was executed during the Holocaust.
  • She graduated from The Collegiate School for Girls in Vienna.
  • Her rights went to Shriver Corporation.
  • During the time she was in Dessau and later in Dessau, she composed a work on fabrics and the method of production. The work remained with Walter Gropius and was never published.

 


22. Herbert Bayer

Bauhaus artists

Born: 5 April 1900, Haag am Hausruck, Austria

Died: 30 September 1985, Montecito, California, United States

Nationality: American

Education: Bauhaus

Awards: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

  • Herbert Bayer was an Austrian and American graphic designer from the United States.
  • He was an integral part of the creation of Atlantic Richfield’s collection for corporate use, which lasted until he died in 1985.
  • In 1923, Bayer was photographed by Irene Bayer-Hecht in the first major Bauhaus exhibition in Weimar.

 


23. Ilse Fehling

Bauhaus artists

Born: 25 April 1896, Wrzeszcz, Gdańsk, Poland

Died: 25 February 1982, Munich, Germany

Spouse: Henry S. Witting (m. 1923–1929)

Children: Gaby Fehling

Education: Bauhaus, Reimann School

  • Ilse Fehling was a German costume designer and sculptor who was associated with The Bauhaus and Nazi propagandist films.
  • Ilse Fehling was born 25 April in 1896 in Danzig-Langfuhr Germany.
  • The year 1923 was the time she departed from the Bauhaus in 1923 and moved to Berlin to become an independent sculptor, stage or customer.

 


24. Lucia Moholy

Bauhaus artists

Born: 18 January 1894, Prague, Czechia

Died: 17 May 1989, Zürich, Switzerland

Spouse: László Moholy-Nagy (m. 1921–1934)

Education: Charles University, Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig

Nationality: British, Swiss

  • Lucia Moholy was a photographer and editor of publications.
  • Her diary entries from that time period comprise an illustration from April 10, 1907, of the gifts her father gave her at home to Lucy.
  • During World War I, Shultz began working with Wiesbaden, Germany as a theatre critic for a local paper.

 


25. Marguerite Wildenhain

Bauhaus artists

Born: 11 October 1896, Lyon, France

Died: 24 February 1985, Guerneville, California, United States

Parents: Théodore Friedlaender (father); Rose Calmann (mother)

Education: Bauhaus, Berlin University of the Arts

  • Marguerite Wildenhain was an American Ceramic artist who studied at the Bauhaus a teacher and writer.
  • She was educated in the primary school system, initially in Germany and then in Yorkshire, England.
  • In 1914 she was an art student at Berlin University of the Arts and then became ornamentation of porcelain ware at a manufacturing plant in Rudolstadt.
  • When she wasn’t in the plant, she walked around the countryside.

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