Top 25 Arts and Crafts movement artists who changed its history

A design and social movement known as the Arts and Crafts movement was born in Britain in the late 19th century. The movement attempted to return to traditional craftsmanship and a focus on quality over quantity as a reaction to the industrialization and mass production of the time.

Leading figures in the movement were William Morris, John Ruskin, and Charles Rennie Mackintosh.  According to these artists, design should be both aesthetic and practical, and experienced artisans should create art and objects rather than machinery.

The Arts and Crafts movement had a profound effect on the field of design, and its effects are still being felt today. The trend helped establish the value of fine craftsmanship in design and prepared the way for later design movements like Art Nouveau and Art Deco.

1. William Morris

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 24 March 1834, Walthamstow, United Kingdom

Died: 3 October 1896, Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom

Periods: Romanticism, Arts and Crafts movement, Aestheticism, Symbolism, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

  • William Morris was a British textile designer, artist, poet, novelist, architect, conservationist, translator, printer and social activist.
  • His writing contributions helped define the genre of modern fantasy.
  • He was influenced by the powerful influence of medievalism when he was studying Classics at Oxford University.
  • Morris was a tenant in the country property of Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire, until 1871. He also kept his main residence in London.
  • Morris is regarded as being one of the important historical figures from Victorian Britain.

 


2. John Ruskin

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 8 February 1819, London, United Kingdom

Died: 20 January 1900, Brantwood, United Kingdom

Period: Romanticism

Influenced: G. K. Chesterton, Harold Bloom, R. G. Collingwood, Patrick Geddes, Clarence King, Kenneth John Conant

  • John Ruskin was an English writer, philosopher, art critic, philosopher and polymath.
  • Ruskin’s style of writing and literary genres were also different.
  • In his writings, he emphasized the connection between art, nature and society.
  • In the 1850s In the 1850s, he fought for the Pre-Raphaelites, who were inspired by his views.
  • Ruskin was the sole child of the first cousins. The father of his son, John James Ruskin (1785-1864), was a sherry maker as well as an importer of wine.

 


3. May Morris

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 25 March 1862, National Trust – Red House, Bexleyheath, United Kingdom

Died: 17 October 1938, Kelmscott Manor, Kelmscott, United Kingdom

Periods: Arts and Crafts movement, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Partner: Mary Lobb

  • Mary “May” Morris was an English artist and designer of embroidery as well as a jeweller, socialist and editor.
  • May Morris learned to embroider through her mother and aunt, Bessie Burden who was taught in the art of embroidery by William Morris.
  • In her position, she was in charge of creating a variety of designs which were often misconstrued in her father’s work.
  • May Morris was an influential designer and embroiderer, but her work is often surpassed by the work of her father, who was a colossal figure in the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • May Morris taught embroidery at the LCC Central School of Art in London in 1897.

 


4. Edward Burne-Jones

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 28 August 1833, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Died: 17 June 1898, London, United Kingdom

Periods: Romanticism, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Aestheticism, Symbolism, Arts and Crafts movement, Modern art

Deposed date: 17 June 1898

  • Burne-Jones’s first paintings reveal his influence from Dante Gabriel Rossetti, but in 1870, he developed his style.
  • The most notable and long-lasting designs are stained glass windows, the making of which became a popular technique in the 19th century.
  • His designs can still be seen in churches throughout the UK.
  • She was preparing to become a painter. She was the sister of Burne-Jones’s former high school acquaintance.
  • Georgiana was the mother of an infant son, Philip, in 1861.

 


5. Charles Robert Ashbee

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 17 May 1863, Isleworth, United Kingdom

Died: 23 May 1942, Sevenoaks, United Kingdom

Nationality: British

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Structures: Houses in Cheyne Walk

  • Charles Robert Ashbee was an English designer and architect who was a pioneer within the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • He was elected as a member in the art workers Guild in 1892 and was elected the Master in 1929.
  • He was the first and the sole son of the businessman Henry Spencer Ashbee.
  • An architect by trade, He was able to design a complete home that included interior furniture and decor in addition to things like fireplaces.
  • Ashbee also established his own organization, the Survey of London.

 


6. Walter Crane

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 15 August 1845, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Died: 14 March 1915, Horsham, United Kingdom

Period: Art Nouveau

Nephew: Thomas Crane

Niece: Lucy Crane

  • Walter Crane was an English artist and book illustrator.
  • He was a member in his time in the Arts and Crafts movement and created an array of illustrations and paintings.
  • Crane is not only remembered for his design of many iconic images that are associated with the global Socialist movement.
  • His older brother Thomas was also involved in illustration, and his sister Lucy was a well-known author.
  • The student loved his masters in the Italian Renaissance. However, he was more attracted from the Elgin marbles of the British Museum.

 


7. Philip Webb

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 12 January 1831, Oxford, United Kingdom

Died: 17 April 1915, Worth, United Kingdom

Business partners: William Morris, Oliver Hill

Organization founded: Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings

Books: Red House: Bexleyheath 1859

  • Philip Speakman Webb was a British engineer and designer, often called the father of Arts and Crafts Architecture.
  • He attended more than 700 SPAB Committee meetings as well as conducted numerous site visits.
  • His connection to the Bell family of Sir Thomas Hugh Bell, a famous iron founder of Middlesbrough, was the basis for three commissions.
  • In the year 1901, Philip Webb retired to the country and ceased practising.
  • From 1902 to 1903, Webb was a part of the design and manufacturing of the University of Birmingham’s mace for ceremonial use.

 


8. C.F. A. Voysey

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 28 May 1857, Hessle, United Kingdom

Died: 12 February 1941, Winchester, United Kingdom

Grandparent: Annesley Voysey

Awards: Royal Gold Medal

Children: Charles Cowles-Voysey

  • Charles Francis Annesley Voysey was an English architect and designer of textiles and furniture.
  • He is known for his design work on several country homes.
  • He was among the first to comprehend and appreciate the importance of industrial design.
  • English domestic architecture is heavily based on vernacular architecture rather than academic traditions.
  • He has been regarded as one of the pioneers in Modern Architecture.

 


9. Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 7 June 1868, Townhead, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Died: 10 December 1928, London, United Kingdom

Periods: Modern art, Art Nouveau, Glasgow School, Symbolism, Vienna Secession

Style: Art Deco

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish designer, architect, watercolourist and designer.
  • His work, along with Margaret Macdonald, and his spouse Margaret Macdonald, influenced European fashion movements like Art Nouveau.
  • He is one of the most prominent people in the field of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style).
  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born at 70 Parson Street, Townhead, Glasgow 7 June 1868.
  • The current use of Rennie Mackintosh as a surname is also wrong, and he was not recognized as such during his lifetime.

 


10. Joseph Southall

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 23 August 1861, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Died: 6 November 1944, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Artworks: Fisherman Carrying a Sail

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Education: Ackworth School

  • Joseph Edward Southall was an English artist who was a part of his time in the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • A long-time Quaker, Southall was an active socialist and pacifist initially as a radical in the Liberal Party.
  • Southall was appointed as an Associate to the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists (RBSA) in 1898. He was also elected a Membership in 1902.
  • He was elected the President of the Society in 1939 and remained in the post until his death in the year 1944.
  • Joseph Southall was born to a Quaker family in Nottingham in 1861.

 


11. Guy Dawber

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 3 August 1861, King’s Lynn, United Kingdom

Died: 24 April 1938, London, United Kingdom

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Structures: St John the Baptist’s Chapel, Matlock Bath

Awards: Royal Gold Medal

  • Sir Edward Guy Dawber was an English architect during the latter part of the Arts and Crafts style, and his work is closely connected to the Cotswolds.
  • The work was done in the Cotswold traditional vernacular style. Dawber was a renowned and knowledgeable architect.
  • The knight was awarded in the year 1936 and passed away in London on April 24, 1938.
  • In 1926, he played an important role in the creation of 1926 the Council for the Preservation of Rural England and later became the Council’s first President.

 


12. Carl Larsson

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 28 May 1853, Gamla stan,
Stockholm, Sweden

Died: 22 January 1919, Falun, Sweden

Nationality: Swedish

Education: Konstakademien – Kungliga Akademien
för de fria konsterna

Parents: Johanna Ståhlberg

  • Carl Olof Larsson was a Swedish painter who was a representative of the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • His artworks include watercolours, oils and frescoes.
  • The artist is most well-known for his drawings that depict idyllic life in the family.
  • His parents were very poor, as was his early childhood, which made him unhappy.
  • His mother was kicked out of the home, along with Carl as well as his younger brother Johan.

 


13. Edwin Lutyens

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 29 March 1869, Kensington, London, United Kingdom

Died: 1 January 1944, Marylebone, London, United Kingdom

  • Sir Edwin Lutyens was an English architect who was renowned for his creative approach to adapting the traditional styles of architecture to meet the demands of his time.
  • The historian of architecture Gavin Stamp described him as “surely the greatest British architect of the twentieth (or of any other) century”.
  • Lutyens played a key role in the design and construction of New Delhi, which would later become the headquarters for the Government of India.
  • He was appointed to the post of Master of Art Workers’ Guild in 1933.

 


14. Nelson Dawson

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 5 May 1859, Stamford, United Kingdom

Died: 28 October 1941, Chiswick, London, United Kingdom

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Partner: Edith Dawson

  • Nelson Ethelred Dawson was an English artist who was a member of the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • He relocated to London in the year 2000, where he ran his workshop at Manresa Road, Chelsea.
  • The artist exhibited his work throughout England as well as during the Royal Academy and was elected as an Associate to the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours.
  • As a painter, potter, painter as well as a jeweller, silversmith, metalworker, etcher and writer about artistic subjects, his name has likely fallen.
  • He got married to Edith Robinson in 1893 and along as his spouse.

 


15. Gustav Stickley

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 9 March 1858, Osceola, Wisconsin, United States

Died: 21 April 1942, Syracuse, New York, United States

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

  • Gustav Stickley was an American furniture maker, designer, editor, publisher, and prominent voice within the American Arts and Crafts movement.
  • The oldest son who survived, Stickley, experienced the rigors of growing up on a tiny Midwestern farm.
  • In the early 1876s, the family of Stickley’s family moved with her mother from Brandt, Pennsylvania. Brandt, Pennsylvania.
  • In prison, he and his brother Leopold worked as a foreman in furniture operations.
  • Stickley’s furniture of the future reflects his ideals of simplicity and honesty in the construction process and honesty with the materials.

 


16. Frances MacDonald

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 24 August 1873, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Died: 12 December 1921, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Education: The Glasgow School of Art

Spouse: Herbert MacNair (m. 1899)

  • Frances Macdonald MacNair was a Scottish artist whose work in design was an important part of the Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style) during the 1890s.
  • In the middle of the 1890s, the sisters quit the School to establish an independent studio.
  • They collaborated on graphic designs as well as illustrations for books, textiles and metalwork, resulting in a distinct style that was influenced by mysticism, symbolism, and Celtic imagery.
  • The School’s closing in 1905, as well as the loss of the MacNair family’s wealth as a result of the failure of a business, caused a gradual decline in their professional careers.
  • A large portion of her work that is still in the public domain is kept in the Hunterian Museum as well as the Art Gallery.

 


17. Harry Clarke

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 17 March 1889, Dublin, Ireland

Died: 6 January 1931, Chur, Switzerland

Nationality: Irish

Periods: Art Nouveau, Arts and Crafts movement

Spouse: Margaret Clarke

  • Henry Patrick Clarke was an Irish stained-glass artist as well as a book illustrator.
  • It was heavily influenced by Art Nouveau and Art Deco movements.
  • He stained his glass notably in the spirit of the French Symbolist movement.
  • Henry Patrick Clarke was born on 17 March 1889, the younger son and the third son of Joshua Clarke and Brigid Clarke.
  • At the art academy in Dublin, Clarke met fellow artist and teacher Margaret Crilley.

 


18. Eric Gill

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 22 February 1882, Steyning, United Kingdom

Died: 17 November 1940, Uxbridge, United Kingdom

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Place of burial: Bisham Abbey National Sports Centre, Bisham, United Kingdom

  • Arthur Eric Rowton Gill was an English creator, sculptor, letter-cutter, typeface designer, as well as a printmaker.
  • Gill was born in Brighton and raised in Chichester, where he studied at the local college before moving to London.
  • When he was a teenager, Gill was a member of the Fabian Society but later quit.
  • He converted to Roman Catholicism in 1913 and continued to be a Roman Catholic throughout his life.
  • Gill is a prodigious author on social and religious issues. He published more than 300 publications, including pamphlets and books.

 


19. Bernard Leach

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 5 January 1887, British Hong Kong

Died: 6 May 1979, St Ives, United Kingdom

Place of burial: Longstone Cemetery, Carbis Bay, United Kingdom

Education: Slade School of Fine Art

  • Bernard Howell Leach was a British artist and studio pottery teacher.
  • He is known by many as being”the “Father of British studio pottery”.
  • Leach is a native of Hong Kong. The mother of his son, Eleanor (nee Sharp), died during the birth of his child.
  • The first three years of life in Japan alongside his father, Andrew Leach, until his return to Hong Kong in 1890.
  • Through reading the works of Lafcadio Hearn, Hearn became fascinated by Japan.

 


20. Gertrude Jekyll

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 29 November 1843, London, United Kingdom

Died: 8 December 1932, Munstead Wood, Godalming, United Kingdom

Grandparents: Joseph Jekyll, of Wargrave Hill, Emily Poulett-Thomson, Charles Hammersley, Anna Maria Sloane

  • Gertrude Jekyll was a British designer of gardens, horticulturist artist, photographer, craftswoman artist and writer.
  • She designed more than 400 gardens throughout her native United Kingdom, Europe and the United States and wrote more than 1000 pieces.
  • In 1848, her family left London and relocated to Bramley House in Surrey, where she lived in her early years.
  • Jekyll was a part of one of the biggest historic alliances in the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • Her work is renowned for its brilliant hue as well as the brush-like strokes of her plant designs.

 


21. Baillie Scott

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 23 October 1865, Saint Peters, United Kingdom

Died: 10 February 1945, Brighton, United Kingdom

Business partners: Raymond Unwin, Thomas Hayton Mawson

  • Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott was a British artist and architect.
  • He began his studies in his school, the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester.
  • For the initial four years during this period, the family lived in Alexander Terrace, Douglas.
  • He did a brief course in Bath, but his progress in architecture was evident in the 12 years that he lived on Man’s Isle of Man.
  • In May 1891, he worked as teaching art in the month of May.

 


22. Charles Rohlfs

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 15 February 1853, Brooklyn, New York, United States

Died: 30 June 1936, Buffalo, New York, United States

Period: Arts and Crafts movement

Education: The Cooper Union

  • Charles Rohlfs was an American actor and pattern maker and stove designer, as well as a furniture maker.
  • Rohlfs is a symbol in his time in the Arts and Crafts Movement and is most well-known for his skills as an artist and designer of furniture.
  • Rohlfs came from Brooklyn and went to The Cooper Union in Manhattan.
  • He was awarded patents on several ideas for stoves, but he had limited successes when acting.
  • He was married to the successful crime writer Anna Katharine Green in 1884.

 


23. T. J. Cobden-Sanderson

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born      2 December 1840, Alnwick, England

Died      7 September 1922 (aged 81), London, England

Occupation         artist, bookbinder

Known for           Doves Type

  • Thomas Cobden Sanderson was an English bookbinder and artist associated with the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • He was the son of James He was District Surveyor of Taxes.
  • He left the university without an education, and he entered Lincoln’s Inn as a barrister.
  • As a close friend of William Morris, Cobden-Sanderson was associated with his Arts and Crafts ideology.
  • In the year 1884, he began to open an office, renouncing the practice of law.

 


24. Emery Walker

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 2 April 1851, London, United Kingdom

Died: 22 July 1933, London, United Kingdom

Nationality: British

Organization founded: Doves Press

  • Sir Emery Walker was an English photographer, engraver, and printer.
  • Walker played a prominent role in a variety of organizations that were at the forefront of the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • Walker was born in London. The father, Walker, was a coachbuilder.
  • He found an extremely old book at the age of twelve, which sparked his fascination with books.
  • The company’s capital that was PS1,600, which was provided by Anne Cobden-Sanderson.

 


25. Charles March Gere

Arts and Crafts movement artists

Born: 5 June 1869, Gloucester, United Kingdom

Died: 3 August 1957, Gloucester, United Kingdom

  • Charles March Gere was an English artist as well as an illustrator for books and stained glass and embroidery designer who was part of the Arts and Crafts movement.
  • A part of the Birmingham Group of Artist-Craftsmen that was founded in the wake of Joseph Southall.
  • The painting was purchased in 1912 and was given by the late Aurora Howard by her mother.
  • The Earl was her descendant. Carlisle from Castle Howard.

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