Top 25 Art Nouveau artists who changed its history

The decorative arts movement known as Art Nouveau first appeared in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.  It was distinguished by its elaborate, organic, and highly stylized shapes, which drew inspiration from nature, imagination, and other civilizations’ ornamental arts.

The most well-known Art Nouveau creators are Louis Comfort Tiffany, Alphonse Mucha, and Gustav Klimt. These artists were interested in producing a Gesamtkunstwerk, or complete work of art, which incorporated all facets of design, such as furniture, architecture, and ornamental items.

The Arts and Crafts movement, Asian art, and the organic shapes of plants and animals are only a few of the sources that had an impact on the development of Art Nouveau.  Sinuous curves, asymmetrical compositions, and intricate patterns that were frequently shown in a vibrant, brilliant palette were characteristics of the style.

Its influence can still be seen in modern architecture, furniture, and graphic design. Art Nouveau had a significant impact on the decorative arts and design. The movement questioned conventional distinctions between fine art and craft and emphasised the value of design as a tool for improving daily living.

1. Alphonse Mucha

Art Nouveau artists

  • Alfons Maria Mucha known worldwide under the nickname Alphonse Mucha was a Czech artist, illustrator, and graphic artist who lived in Paris during the Art Nouveau period.
  • Illustrations, advertisements, decorative panels, and designs were among the most well-known photographs of the time.
  • Mucha was born on July 24 18th, 1890, in the tiny village of Ivancice in the southern part of Moravia.
  • His family earned a low income.
  • Mucha displayed an early ability to draw; a local businessman who was amazed by his talent provided him with a piece of paper free of charge, although it was considered an expense.

 


2. Gustav Klimt

Art Nouveau artists

  • Gustav Klimt was an Austrian artist who was a symbolist among the more well-known participants of the Vienna Secession movement.
  • In his figurative work includes allegories as well as portraits. He also created landscapes.
  • At the beginning of his artistic career, He was a highly skilled painter of architectural details in a standard way.
  • Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten, close to Vienna within the Austrian Empire, the second of seven kids, three boys and four girls.
  • He was devoted to Vienna’s most famous historian of the time, Hans Makart.

 


3. Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Art Nouveau artists

 


4. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish designer, architect, watercolorist and designer.
  • His style of art had a lot in the same way as European Symbolism.
  • Mackintosh was born in Glasgow and died in London.
  • He changed his spelling from ‘McIntosh’ to Mackintosh, for no reason similar to what his father had done prior to him in 1893.
  • Mackintosh started his architectural career in 1884 while the apprentice of John Hutchinson in Glasgow.

 


5. Aubrey Beardsley

Art Nouveau artists

  • Aubrey Vincent Beardsley was an English illustrator and writer.
  • His black-ink drawings were heavily influenced by Japanese woodcuts. They depicted the grotesque, extravagant, and sexually malevolent.
  • He is among the key Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style) figures.
  • After the loss of the fortune of Vincent Beardsley shortly after the birth of his son, The family moved to London in 1883.
  • Beardsley was a prolific artist with an output of six years that can be classified into different periods, distinguished by his signature. The first period was when his work was largely not signed.

 


6. Hector Guimard

Art Nouveau artists

  • Hector Guimard was a French designer and architect and an important figure in his Art Nouveau style.
  • The most well-known of his works is the iron and glass Edicules or canopies, which have decorative Art Nouveau curves, which was his idea for the front entrances to one of the initial stations in the Paris Metro. Paris Metro.
  • Between 1890 and 1930, Guimard conceived and constructed fifty structures, as well as the entrances to one hundred forty-one of Paris Metro, as well as many pieces of furniture and other ornamental works.
  • Hector Guimard was born in Lyon on March 10, 1867.
  • He was honored with honorable mention in several architecture competitions.

 


7. René Lalique

Art Nouveau artists

  • Rene Jules Lalique was a French medallist, jeweler and glass designer who was known for his creations made of glass designs and fragrance bottles.
  • As a youngster of 2, his family moved to the suburbs of Paris, and he traveled to Ay during the summer months.
  • He was employed there between 1874 and 1876. He then spent two years at the Crystal Palace School of Arts Sydenham, London.
  • Lalique was most famous for his glass-based creations art.
  • The 1920s were when he was known for his works of The Art Deco style.

 


8. Jan Toorop

Art Nouveau artists

  • Johannes Theodorus ‘Jan’ Tooropwas a painter from Indonesia, Dutch who was a painter in a variety of styles that included Symbolism, Art Nouveau, and Pointillism.
  • His initial work was influenced by his involvement in the Amsterdam Impressionism movement.
  • It was his father’s name, Christoffel Toorop, a civil servant. His mother’s name was Maria Magdalena Cooke.
  • The third child of five and was born at the shores of Bangka close to Sumatra until he reached nine years old.
  • In 1869, he left Indonesia 1869 to move to the Netherlands and studied for a year in Delft in the Netherlands and Amsterdam.

 


9. Gerda Wegener

Art Nouveau artists

  • The artist was a Danish artist and illustrator.
  • Wegener is famous as a fashion illustrator, and later, her paintings challenged the boundaries of love and gender of the time.
  • She was the third child of three but was the only one who lived until adulthood. She took to art at the age of five and soon began studying.
  • Wegener’s paintings often featured elegant and beautiful women doing different tasks in the Renaissance style or a Renaissance Art Nouveau or Art Deco style.
  • As well as changing how women are depicted in artwork, Wegener also challenged gender and sex identities in her work.

 


10. Mikhail Vrubel

Art Nouveau artists

  • He was a Russian artist, draughtsman and sculpturer. He was prolific and ingenuous when it came to art such as drawing, painting, sculpture and theater art.
  • In the years 1880-1890, Vrubel’s imaginative ambitions did not receive support from his peers at the Imperial Academy of Arts and art critics.
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, the art of Vrubel was incorporated into the Russian Art Nouveau.
  • Numerous childbirths and the adverse Siberian weather significantly damaged Mikhail’s mother’s health. In 1859, she died of drinking.
  • The future artist was just three years old at the time his mother died.

 


11. Elisabeth Sonrel

Art Nouveau artists

  • Elisabeth Sonrel was a French artist and illustrator of the Art Nouveau style.
  • Her father was Nicolas Stephane Sonrel, a painter from Tours and she had her first training with him.
  • At the Exposition Universelle of 1900, the principal theme is Art Nouveau.
  • Her last show in Salon Salon occurred in 1941, at the age of 67.
  • From 1900 onwards, she restricted her work to portraits, picturesque Brittany landscapes and occasional flower studies.

 


12. Koloman Moser

Art Nouveau artists

  • Koloman Moser was an Austrian artist who had a huge influence on the graphic art of the 20th century.
  • He was the eldest of three siblings.
  • Moser’s architectural designs include furniture graphics, jewelry and tapestries.
  • He was inspired by the straight lines and repeated motifs that characterize classical Greek as well as Roman architecture and art.
  • In 1905, and with Klimt and the Klimt Group, Klimt resigned with his group and the Vienna Secession.
  • Moser was diagnosed with throat cancer in the year 1916.

 


13. Józef Mehoffer

Art Nouveau artists

  • Jozef Mehoffer was a Polish painter and decorative artist. He was one of the most prominent artists of Polish art during the Young Poland movement.
  • His work was later expanded to incorporate other techniques, including graphic art, stained glass and chalk drawings, as well as textiles as well as book illustrations, etchings and books.
  • Mehoffer worked with various media throughout his career and included an array of applied arts in his projects.

 


14. Louis Majorelle

Art Nouveau artists

  • It was a French design and decoration expert who produced his designs in the French style.
  • He was among the most notable designers of furniture that was built in the Art Nouveau style.
  • The palette he created using the wood he gathered from France and around the world is similar to the palette of an artist.
  • In the wake of the passing of his dad, he halted his studies and went back to Nancy to supervise the family’s factories for furniture and faience.

 


15. Ernesto Basile

Art Nouveau artists

  • Ernesto Basile was an Italian architect and a champion of modernism and Liberty style, the Italian version of Art Nouveau.
  • The Italian was born in Palermo to his father, Giovanni Battista Filippo Basile was also an architect as well as a teacher at the Palermo’s University of Palermo.
  • Ernesto Basile died on August 26, 1932, in Palermo.
  • After graduating, Basile participated in a variety of architectural competitions.
  • In 1911, he was also the architect for the building of the town hall in Reggio Calabria.

 


16. Jules Chéret

Art Nouveau artists

  • Jules Cheret was a French artist and lithographer who later became a master.
  • There was born in Paris to a poor but artistic family of artisans Cheret was a child of poor education.
  • Between 1859 and 1866, He was a lithographer from 1859 to London, England, where the influence of the British style of poster design and printing was.
  • The 1870s were the beginning of the century. There, as well as Choubrac brothers cut down on the expense of colour lithography, introducing new technological advancements.
  • His work was influenced by the frivolous scenes depicted in work by Rococo artists.

 


17. Ödön Lechner

Art Nouveau artists

  • Odon Lechner was a Hungarian architect and one of the foremost architects of the Hungarian Szecesszio style.
  • Lechner was born in Pest into a family of the bourgeois.
  • In 1866, Lechner moved to Berlin and spent an entire three-year period as a student at the Academy of Architecture.
  • After completing his studies in Berlin, Lechner departed on an all-year trip and studied in Italy in 1868.
  • He was involved in the construction and restoration of seven castles.
  • In the years following 1890, Lechner became more interested in Hungarian folklore. It was derived from Persian as well as Indian artistic styles.

 


18. Eugène Grasset

Art Nouveau artists

  • Eugene Samuel Grasset was a Swiss designer who was a decorative artist in Paris, France in a range of design and creative areas in the Belle Epoque.
  • He is regarded as to be a innovator in Art Nouveau design.
  • Grasset was born in Lausanne, Switzerland on May 25, 1845.
  • After his graduation, he then traveled to Egypt and had a memorable experience later reflected in many of his posters.
  • With the rising popularity of French posters in the United States, Grasset was shortly approached by a number of American firms.

 


19. Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh

Art Nouveau artists

  • Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh was an artist from England who was a part of Scotland and whose work was one of the key aspects that defined the Glasgow Style. Glasgow Style during the 1890s to the 1900s.
  • In the census of 1881, Margaret was aged 16 and was a visitor to someone who was not her and was identified as a scholar.
  • She worked with different media, which included embroidery, metalwork and even with textiles.
  • She was adored at the time by a lot of her friends as well as her husband, who wrote an email to her.
  • The majority of work done in the 1890s was performed by her sister, especially in the years following the opening of their studio in 1896.

 


20. Paul Hankar

Art Nouveau artists

  • Paul Hankar was a Belgian interior designer and architect, as well as a pioneer in his Art Nouveau style.
  • Hankar was born in Frameries, located in Hainaut, Belgium, the son of a stonemason.
  • He was educated at his school, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Brussels.
  • He started his career as a sculptor and designer of memorials for funerals.
  • He set up the office of his personal in Brussels in 1893. He then started building his house.

 


21. Georg Jensen

Art Nouveau artists

  • Georg Arthur Jensen was a Danish silversmith.
  • Jensen was born in 1866. Jensen was the child of a knife maker in Raadvad, close to the northwest of Copenhagen.
  • In 1884, he became a journeyman, and in 1887, he was admitted to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
  • In 1884, he was an apprentice and in 1887, he was admitted to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
  • Even though his ceramic work was well-loved, earning an income as a professional artist was difficult, so He turned to applied art.

 


22. Ernst Haeckel

Art Nouveau artists

  • Ernst Haeckel was born on 16 February 1834 in Potsdam.
  • Ernst Haeckel was a German naturalist, zoologist and philosopher, eugenicist Professor, marine biologist, and artist.
  • In 1857, Haeckel earned a doctorate degree in medicine. Then, he was granted a medical license.
  • He was a student of Karl Gegenbaur at the University of Jena for three years.
  • His second wife, Anna Sethe, died.

 


23. Stanisław Wyspiański

Art Nouveau artists

  • It was a Polish painter, playwright, and poet, in addition to a designer of furniture and interiors.
  • He was able to join the trends of modernism, incorporating themes from Polish folklore and Romantic culture.
  • His father, who was a sculptor, had an atelier located at the base of Wawel Hill.
  • His mother passed away from tuberculosis in 1876. Stanislaw was just seven years old.
  • The 1890-1995 years were focused on travel.

 


24. Tom Thomson

Art Nouveau artists

  • Thomas John Thomson was a Canadian artist who worked during the 20th century’s early years.
  • In his brief career, he made around 400 sketches in oil on wooden panels and around 50 larger canvas works.
  • He held several jobs prior to going to a business school and eventually gaining abilities in penmanship and copperplate writing.
  • Thomson earned a name during his lifetime as a true outdoorsman, skilled at both canoeing and fishing.
  • He died before the official formation of his group, which was not officially established until the Group of Seven.

 


25. Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis

Art Nouveau artists

  • In the short time he lived during his short time, he composed around the equivalent of 400 music pieces and produced around 300 paintings and also a number of poetry and literary works.
  • He was the eldest of nine children born to the father of his, Konstantinas along with his mother, Adele Annette Radmanaite.
  • Then, at the end of the year, he went to St. Petersburg, where there was an exhibition of his work.
  • Then, in 1907, the artist became familiar in 1907 with Sofija Kymantaite (1886-1958) artist and art critic.
  • A lot of his artworks are accompanied by his names as musical instruments.

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