Top 25 American Impressionism artists who changed its history

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, American Impressionism developed in response to the European Impressionist movement. Similar to their European counterparts, American Impressionist painters aimed to portray in their works the transitory effects of light and colour.

The most well-known American Impressionist painters are John Singer Sargent, Childe Hassam, and Mary Cassatt. These painters frequently depicted scenes of leisure and recreation, including gardens, parks, and beaches, because they were concerned with conveying the beauty of ordinary life.

Many American Impressionists worked in studios, utilising photographs and sketches as reference material, in contrast to the European Impressionists who frequently painted outdoors (en plein air). Using loose brushwork and a vivid, colourful palette, they nevertheless tried to convey the atmospheric effects of light and colour in their works.

The art world was significantly impacted by American Impressionism, and its effects are still felt today. Several modern art movements, such as Fauvism and Expressionism, were made possible because of the movement. The American Impressionists succeeded in capturing the beauty of the world in a fresh and fascinating way, and their work is still praised for its radiance, vibrancy, and sense of delight.

1. Childe Hassam

American Impressionism artists

Born: 17 October 1859, Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 27 August 1935, East Hampton, New York, United States

Known for: Painting

Parents: Rosa Delia Hathorne, Frederick Fitch Hassam

  • Frederick Childe Hassam, an American Impressionist painter, was well-known for his urban and coastal scenes.
  • Over 3,000 paintings, oils, and watercolors were produced by him over the course of his career. He was an important American artist in the early 20th century.
  • Frederick Fitch Hassam (1825-1880), his father, was a moderately successful businessman in cutlery and had a large collection.
  • His father claimed he was descended from an English immigrant of the seventeenth century whose name, Horsham, had been changed over time to Hassam.
  • Hassam showed an early interest in art.


2. Theodore Robinson

American Impressionism artists

Born: 3 June 1852, Irasburg, Vermont

Died: 2 April 1896, New York, New York, United States

  • Theodore Robinson, an American painter, is best known for his Impressionist landscapes.
  • Robinson was born in Irasburg (Vt).
  • Monet’s influence likely led to Robinson’s transition to an impressionistic style in his art.
  • Robinson returned to France in 1884, where he lived for eight years. He visited America occasionally.
  • Robinson’s Giverny paintings are considered some of the finest artifacts by art historians.


3. William Merritt Chase

American Impressionism artists

Born: 1 November 1849, Nineveh, Indiana, United States

Died: 25 October 1916, New York, New York, United States

Nationality: American

Known for: Portrait painting; landscape art

  • William Merritt Chase, an American painter, was a prominent exponent of Impressionism as well as a teacher.
  • He decided at the age of 19 to become a sailor. He traveled with a friend to Annapolis, where he was appointed to a merchant’s vessel.
  • Chase left New York in 1870 due to declining family fortunes. He moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where his family was based.
  • In 1871, he also displayed his first painting at The National Academy.
  • Chase used his rapidly developing talent in Munich primarily in figurative work that he painted using the loosely brushed style that was popular with his instructors.


4. Frank Weston Benson

American Impressionism artists

Born: 24 March 1862, Salem, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 15 November 1951, Salem, Massachusetts, United States

Place of burial: Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Massachusetts, United States

Known for: Impressionist painting

  • Frank Weston Benson was an American artist who is often referred to as Frank W. Benson. He was best known for his Realistic portraits.
  • His career began with portraits of prominent families and murals for the Library of Congress.
  • He also created numerous oil and watercolor and washed paintings and etchings of wildfowls and landscapes.
  • He was an outstanding instructor and head of the department at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
  • Captain Samuel Benson, Benson’s grandfather, gave Benson his love of the sea.
  • John Prentiss Benson was his brother, an architect, and a painter.


5. Richard Edward Miller

American Impressionism artists

Born: 22 March 1875, St. Louis, Missouri, United States

Died: 23 January 1943, St. Augustine, Florida, United States

Periods: Impressionism, American Impressionism

  • Richard E. Miller, an American Impressionist painter, was a member of The Giverny Colony of American Impressionists.
  • Miller was born in St. Louis and studied in Paris before settling in Giverny.
  • He has been the subject of many retrospective exhibitions over the years. His work has also been extensively reproduced in exhibition catalogs and several books on American Impressionism.
  • Richard Edward Miller was born in St. Louis, Missouri. It was one of the most important and prosperous American cities at that time.
  • Miller was a five-year student at the School of Fine Arts. He won many prizes and started to exhibit locally in 1894.


6. John Henry Twachtman

American Impressionism artists

Born: 4 August 1853, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

Died: 8 August 1902, Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States

Children: Julian Alden Twachtman

  • John Henry Twachtman, an American painter, is best known for his impressionist landscapes. However, his style changed throughout his career.
  • He was a member of “The Ten,” a loosely affiliated group of American artists who were dissatisfied with professional art organizations.
  • Twachtman, like other white artists of wealth and European heritage of the time, then went to Europe to continue his education.
  • He returned to America in 1886. He bought a farm at Greenwich in 1890.
  • Twachtman also produced pastel drawings.


7. J. Alden Weir

American Impressionism artists

  1. J. Alden Weir

Born: 30 August 1852, West Point, New York, United States

Died: 8 December 1919, New York, New York, United States

Parents: Robert Walter Weir

Education: National Academy of Design

  • Julian Alden Weir, is an American impressionist painter.
  • Weir was the second-to-last of 16 children and was born on August 30, 1852. He was raised in West Point (New York).
  • Robert Walter Weir was his father, and he was a painter. He also taught drawing at West Point’s Military Academy.
  • From 1869 to 1871, he was Yale University’s professor of painting and design. He also initiated the first American academic art program.
  • He was paid for portrait commissions and taught art classes at Cooper Union Women’s Art School.


8. Frederick Carl Frieseke

American Impressionism artists

Born: 7 April 1874, United States

Died: 24 August 1939, France

  • Frederick Carl Frieseke, an American Impressionist painter, spent his entire life in France as an expatriate.
  • His paintings, which often focused on the effects of dappled sunlight, were influential in the Giverny art colony.
  • He is well-known for his painting of female subjects both indoors and outdoors.
  • Herman was a Union Army soldier and then returned to Owosso, where he started a brick manufacturing company.
  • He married Eva Graham, and their daughter Edith was created in 1871. Frederick Carl, their son, was born in Owosso on 1874.


9. Edmund C. Tarbell

American Impressionism artists

Born: 26 April 1862, Groton, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 1 August 1938, New Castle, New Hampshire, United States

Education: School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

  • Edmund Charles Tarbell is an American Impressionist painter.
  • He was a leader of the group of painters known as The Boston School.
  • He apprenticed at Forbes Lithographic Company, Boston, between 1877-1880.
  • He was in the same class as Robert Lewis Reid, Frank Weston Benson, and Frank Weston Benson, who were future Ten American Painters.
  • Tarbell returned to Boston in 1886, where he started his career as an illustrator and private art instructor.


10. Mary Cassatt

American Impressionism artists

Born: 22 May 1844, Allegheny

Died: 14 June 1926, Château de Beaufresne, Le Mesnil-Théribus, France

Place of burial: Le Mesnil-Théribus, France

Periods: Impressionism, Modern art, American Impressionism

  • Mary Stevenson Cassatt, an American painter/printmaker, was.
  • Cassatt was a native of Allegheny City in Pennsylvania. It is now part of Pittsburgh.
  • Katherine Kelso Johnston was her mother. She came from a banking background. Katherine Cassatt was an educated and well-read woman who had a profound impact on her daughter.
  • She spent five years in Europe, visiting many capitals, including London, Paris and Berlin.
  • Thomas Eakins was one of her students. Eakins later had to resign from his position as director at the Academy.


11. Willard Metcalf

American Impressionism artists

Born: 1 July 1858, Lowell, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 9 March 1925, New York, New York, United States

Partner: Henriette Alice McCrea-Metcalf

  • He was a prominent landscape painter after his early illustration and figure painting.
  • He was elected to the American Watercolor Society in New York in 1893.
  • Metcalf was born into a working-class family and began painting in 1874.
  • His landscapes were traditional representations of peasant scenes in this period, according to Jean Millet.
  • Metcalf went to Havana in 1902 to study the painting of murals for a tobacco company.


12. Daniel Garbera

American Impressionism artists

Born: 11 April 1880, North Manchester, Indiana, United States

Died: 5 July 1958, Cuttalossa, Pennsylvania, United States

Known for: landscape painter

Education: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Art Academy of Cincinnati

  • Daniel Garber, an American Impressionist landscape painter, was a member of the New Hope art colony in Pennsylvania.
  • Today, he is most well-known for his large impressionist scenes from the New Hope area in which he depicted the Delaware River.
  • Garber was born in North Manchester, Indiana, on April 11, 1880.
  • His works were displayed all over the country and he won numerous awards.
  • In 1913, he was elected to the National Academy of Design.


13. Edward Willis Redfield

American Impressionism artists

Born: 18 December 1869, Bridgeville, Delaware, United States

Died: 19 October 1965, Center Bridge, Pennsylvania, United States

Periods: Impressionism, American Impressionism

  • Edward Willis Redfield, an American Impressionist landscape painter, was a member of the New Hope art colony in Pennsylvania.
  • Redfield was born in 1869 in Bridgeville, Delaware.
  • At an early age, he was gifted with artistic talent. He studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia from 1887-1889.
  • Redfield and his wife returned home to America and settled in Centre Bridge in Pennsylvania near New Hope in 1898.
  • He was among the first to arrive in the area as a painter and is often credited with co-founding the New Hope artist colony with William Langson Lathrop.


14. Guy Rose

American Impressionism artists

Born: 3 March 1867, San Gabriel, California, United States

Died: 17 November 1925, Pasadena, California, United States

Education: Académie Julian, San Francisco Art Institute, Los Angeles High School

  • Guy Orlando Rose was an American Impressionist painter who was a California resident and received national recognition in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
  • His father was a California senator.
  • Guy Rose, then nine years old, was accidentally shot in his face while on a hunting trip.
  • In 1884, he graduated from Los Angeles High School.
  • His large family was raised by him and his wife on a sprawling vineyard and ranch in Southern California.


15. Theodore Earl Butler

American Impressionism artists

Born: 12 October 1861, Columbus, Ohio, United States

Died: 2 May 1936, Giverny, France

Parents: Courtland Philip Livingston Butler

Children: Lilly Butler, Jimmy Butler

Grandchild: Jean-Marie Toulgouat

  • Theodore Earl Butler, an American impressionist painter, was born in 1898.
  • Butler chose to photograph French landscapes and domestic scenes with friends and family.
  • His Impressionist approach to painting often reflected his father-in-law’s influence, but his work also suggests Post-Impressionist tendencies.
  • Butler attended Marietta College in Ohio and graduated in 1882.


16. Lilla Cabot Perry

American Impressionism artists

Born: 13 January 1848, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 28 February 1933, Hancock, New Hampshire, United States

Partner: Thomas Sergeant Perry (1874–)

Children: Alice (Perry) Grew

Grandchild: Lilla Cabot Grew

  • Lilla Perry was an American painter who used the American Impressionist style.
  • She was greatly influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson’s philosophies and her friendship with Camille Pissarro.
  • Her father was Dr. Samuel Cabot III, who was a prominent surgeon. Hannah Lowell Jackson Cabot was her mother.
  • Perry was a student of literature, poetry, and music. She also enjoyed informal sketching sessions with friends.
  • Her parents were staunch abolitionists. They played an active role in the war effort, providing medical care for wounded soldiers and protecting runaway slaves.


17. Robert Lewis Reid

American Impressionism artists

Born: 29 July 1862, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 2 December 1929, Clifton Springs, New York, United States

On view: Reading Public Museum

Organization founded: Ten American Painters

  • Robert Lewis Reid is an American Impressionist painter, muralist and muralist.
  • Later, he became well-known for his stained glass designs and murals.
  • Three murals were painted for the Manufactures Building of the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago. Four paintings were also displayed in the Fine Arts Building.
  • Reid was one of the Ten American Painters who split from the Society of American Artists on 1897.
  • Reid was involved in several mural projects at the turn of this century.


18. Edward Henry Potthast

American Impressionism artists

Born: 10 June 1857, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

Died: 9 March 1927, New York, New York, United States

Artworks: Beach Scene, In the Surf, Children on the Beach, MORE

Education: Art Academy of Cincinnati, Académie Julian

  • Edward Henry Potthast, an American Impressionist painter, was born in 1886.
  • His paintings of people in leisure at Central Park and on the beaches of New York City and New England are his most well-known works.
  • Potthast was a lithographer until he was thirty-nine.
  • He may have been inspired by the Cincinnati Museum of Art’s purchase of one of his paintings to become a fine artist after he had given up lithography.
  • Potthast was an illustrator for magazines and regularly displayed at the National Academy of Design after he arrived in New York.


19. Dennis Miller Bunker

American Impressionism artists

Born: 6 November 1861, New York, New York, United States

Died: 28 December 1890, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Awards: Third Hallgarten Prize (1885)

  • Dennis Miller Bunker, an American painter and innovator in American Impressionism, was born on December 10, 1913.
  • His mature work includes both landscape paintings in bright colors and portraits and figures in the dark, finely drawn detail.
  • The bunker was born in New York.
  • In 1882 and 1883, he exhibited oil paintings and watercolors.
  • The bunker was elected as a member of the Society of American Artists in 1885.


20. William Langson Lathrop

American Impressionism artists

Born: 29 March 1859, Painesville, Ohio, United States

Died: 21 September 1938, Atlantic Ocean

Artworks: Spring Landscape, The Tow Path, The Delaware Valley,

  • William Langson Lathrop, an American Impressionist landscape painter, was the founder of New Hope’s art colony.
  • Lathrop was a National Academy of Design member and served on many exhibition juries throughout his career.
  • He was awarded a gold medal at Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915) in San Francisco.
  • Phillips Mill was founded by Lathrop, an 18th-century stone mill.
  • Lathrop, a skilled sailor, piloted and navigated the boat along the Atlantic coastal waters.


21. Joseph DeCamp

American Impressionism artists

Born: 5 November 1858, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

Died: 11 February 1923, Boca Grande, Florida, United States

Siblings: Arthur DeCamp

  • Joseph Rodefer DeCamp, an American painter-educator, was born in.
  • DeCamp was a member of the Boston School, which was led by Edmund C. Tarbell.
  • He began drawing crayons from published drawings at the age of 12.
  • He was one of the founders of the Ten American Painters in 1897, an American Impressionist group.
  • He was presented with the 1899 Temple Gold Medal.


22. T. C. Steele

American Impressionism artists

Born: 11 September 1847, Gosport, Indiana, United States

Died: 24 July 1926, Brown County, Indiana, United States

Education: Royal Academy of Arts

Known for: American Impressionism, Painting

  • Theodore Clement Steele is an American Impressionist painter best known for his Indiana landscapes.
  • He was also instrumental in the founding of pioneering art associations such as The Society of Western Artists.
  • Museums and individuals have extensive collections of Steele’s works.
  • His paintings are in public collections, including those of the Haan Mansion Museum of Indiana Art.
  • Steele’s contributions were honored with honorary degrees from Wabash College, 1900, and Indiana University, 1916.


23. Robert William Wood

American Impressionism artists

Born: 4 March 1889, Sandgate, United Kingdom

Died: 14 March 1979, Bishop, California, United States

Parents: W. L. Wood

Books: The Last Mountain: The Life of Robert Wood

  • Robert William Wood was an American landscape painter.
  • His son was forced to paint by keeping him inside rather than letting them play with their friends.
  • In 1940, he settled down in Laguna Beach, California.
  • His popularity made him a household word in America.
  • Many of his reproductions were printed by many publishers in large editions.
  • He was a well-known exhibitor at the Laguna Art Festival and a Life Member of the Laguna Art Association.


24. Colin Campbell Cooper

American Impressionism artists

Born: 8 March 1856, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Died: 6 November 1937, Santa Barbara, California, United States

Artworks: Grand Central Station, Fifth Avenue, New York

  • Colin Campbell Cooper was an American Impressionist painter.
  • He had four older siblings and four younger brothers.
  • His parents supported him in his dreams and encouraged him to be an artist.
  • Many of Cooper’s paintings were damaged in an 1896 fire at Philadelphia’s Hazeltine Galleries.
  • The renowned painter, Peter Van der Velde, was one of the other artists in Dordrecht during this period.


25. Thomas Dewing

American Impressionism artists

Born: 4 May 1851, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Died: 5 November 1938, New York, New York, United States

Partner: Maria Oakey Dewing (1881–)

  • Thomas Wilmer Dewing, an American painter, was born in 1905.
  • A collection of his works is on display at the Smithsonian Institution’s Freer Gallery of Art.
  • After his 1878 return from France, he returned to the United States.
  • His tonalist paintings are his most well-known work. This American art form is rooted in English Aestheticism.
  • In 1888, he was elected to the National Academy of Design.

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